Text, Speech and Dialogue: 5th International Conference, TSD 2002, Brno, Czech Republic September 9-12, 2002. Proceedings

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Petr Sojka, Ivan Kopecek, Karel Pala
Springer Science & Business Media, Aug 26, 2002 - Computers - 484 pages
The Text, Speech and Dialogue (TSD) Conference 2002, it should be noticed, is now being held for the ?fth time and we are pleased to observe that in its short history it has turned out to be an international forum successfully intertwining the basic ?elds of NLP. It is our strong hope that the conference contributes to a better understanding between researchers from the various areas and promotes more intensive mutual cooperation. So far the communication between man and computers has displayed a one-way nature, humans have to know how the - chines work and only then can they “understand” them. The opposite, however, is still quite far from being real, our understanding of how our “user-friendly” computers can understand us humans is not deep enough yet. A lot of work has to be done both in the near and distant future. Let TSD 2002 be a modest contribution to this goal. The conference also serves well in its second purpose: to facilitate researchers meeting in the NLP ?eld from Western and Eastern Europe. Moreover, many participants now come from other parts of the world, thus making TSD a real crossroadsforresearchersintheNLParea. Thisvolumecontainstheproceedings of this conference held in Brno, September 9–12, 2002. We were honored to have as keynote speakers James Pustejovsky from Brandeis University, and Ronald Cole from the University of Colorado. We would like to thank all the Program Committee members and external reviewers for their conscientious and diligent reviewing work.
 

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Contents

A Common Solution for Tokenization and PartofSpeech Tagging
3
Rule Parser for Arabic Stemmer
11
Achieving an Almost Correct PoSTagged Corpus
19
Evaluation of a Japanese Sentence Compression Method Based on Phrase Significance and InterPhrase Dependency
27
User Query Understanding by the InBASE System as a Source for a Multilingual NL Generation Module First Step
33
The Role of WSD for Multilingual Natural Language Applications
41
Gibbsian ContextFree Grammar for Parsing
49
CrossLanguage Access to Recorded Speech in the MALACH Project
57
On the First GreekTTS Based on Festival Speech Synthesis
261
An Analysis of Limited Domains for Speech Synthesis
265
Advances in Very Low Bit Rate Speech Coding Using Recognition and Synthesis Techniques
269
A Comparison of Different Approaches to Automatic Speech Segmentation
277
Keyword Spotting Using Support Vector Machines
285
Automatic Parameter Estimation for a ContextIndependent Speech Segmentation Algorithm
293
Phoneme Lattice Based A Search Algorithm for Speech Recognition
301
Heuristic and Statistical Methods for SpeechNonspeech Detector Design
309

Using SalientWords to Perform Categorization of Web Sites
65
DiscourseSemantic Analysis of Hungarian Sign Language
73
Dependency Analyser Configurable by Measures
81
The Generation and Use of Layer Information inMultilayered Extended Semantic Networks
89
Filtering of Large Numbers of Unstructured Text Documents by the Developed Tool TEA
99
Visualisation Techniques for Analysing Meaning
107
Statistical PartofSpeech Tagging for Classical Chinese
115
Spanish Natural Language Interface for a Relational Database Querying System
123
A Maximum Entropy Approach
131
Exploiting Thesauri and Hierarchical Categories in CrossLanguage Information Retrieval
139
From Verbs to Nouns
147
Term Clustering Using a CorpusBased Similarity Measure
151
Word Sense Discrimination for Czech
155
Tools for Semiautomatic Assignment of Czech Nouns to Declination Patterns
159
Automatic Lexical Stress Assignment of UnknownWords for Highly Inflected Slovenian Language
165
German and Czech Speech Synthesis Using HMMBased Speech Segment Database
173
Comparison and Combination of Confidence Measures
181
Strategies for Developing a RealTime Continuous Speech Recognition System for Czech Language
189
Comparative Study on Bigram Language Models for Spoken Czech Recognition
197
Integration of Speech Recognition and Automatic LipReading
205
Utterance Verification Based on the Likelihood Distance to Alternative Paths
213
Rejection Technique Based on the Mumble Model
221
Efficient Noise Estimation and Its Application for Robust Speech Recognition
229
AlfaNum System for Speech Synthesis in Serbian Language
237
Speech Features Extraction Using ConeShaped Kernel Distribution
245
Resources and Initial Experiments
253
An Analysis of Conditional Responses in Dialogue
317
Some Like It Gaussian
321
Kernel Springy Discriminant Analysis and Its Application to a Phonological Awareness Teaching System
325
Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition of Slovenian Language Using DataDriven Morphological Models
329
Uniform Speech Recognition Platform for Evaluation of New Algorithms
333
Speech Enhancement Using Mixtures of Gaussians for Speech and Noise
337
Fitting German into NGram Language Models
341
Audio Collections of Endangered Arctic Languages in the Russian Federation
347
First Experiments
354
Statistical Decision Making from Text and Dialogue Corpora for Effective Plan Recognition
365
Natural Language Guided Dialogues for Accessing theWeb
373
Evaluating a Probabilistic Dialogue Model for a Railway Information Task
381
Applying Dialogue Constraints to the Understanding Process in a Dialogue System
389
Evaluation of Prediction Methods Applied to an Inflected Language
397
Knowledge Based Speech Interfacing for Handhelds
404
Different Approaches to Build Multilingual Conversational Systems
413
Strategies to Overcome Problematic Input in a Spanish Dialogue System
421
Dialogue Systems and Planning
429
A Flexible Framework for Evaluation of New Algorithms for Dialogue Systems
437
A First Approach
441
The Good Soldier Švejk Case Project
445
Application of Spoken Dialogue Technology in a Medical Domain
449
A VoiceDrivenWeb Browser for Blind People
453
Enhancing Best Analysis Selection and Parser Comparison
461
Author Index
467
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