Hydropolitics in the Third World: Conflict and Cooperation in International River Basins
With more than 50 percent of the world's landmass covered by river basins shared by two or more states, competition over water resources has always had the potential to spark violence. And growing populations and accelerating demands for fresh water are putting ever greater pressures on already scarce water resources.
In this wide-ranging study, Arun Elhance explores the hydropolitics of six of the world's largest river basins. In each case, Elhance examines the basin's physical, economic, and political geography; the possibilities for acute conflict; and efforts to develop bilateral and multilateral agreements for sharing water resources.
The case studies lead to some sobering conclusions about impediments to cooperation but also to some encouraging ones--among them, that it may not be possible for Third World states to solve their water problems by going to war, and that eventually even the strongest riparian states are compelled to seek cooperation with their weaker neighbors.
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The ParanaLa Plata Basin
The Nile Basin
The Jordan Basin
4 The EuphratesTigris Basin
The GangesBrahmaputraBarak Basin
The Mekong Basin
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agreement agricultural Arab Argentina Aswan High Dam Bangladesh basin's hydropolitics basinwide Bhutan bilateral border Brazil Cambodia canal China colonial conduct of hydropolitics construction disputes downstream economic geography Egypt electricity environmental Ethiopia Euphrates Euphrates-Tigris basin flow freshwater Ganges geopolitical growing highly hydroelectric hydropolitics implemented India industrial international basins international river basins interstate conflict interstate relations Iraq Iraqi irrigation Israel Israeli Itaipu Jordan basin Jordan River land Laos large water projects Lower Basin major Mekong basin Middle East miles military million cubic meters multilateral navigation needs negotiations neighbors Nepal Nile basin Palestinian Paraguay Parana Parana-La Plata basin peace percent physical geography plans political geography population problems regime region riparian riparian states sharing shared water resources sharing the basin square kilometers substantial Sudan Syria territory Thailand Third World Tibet tion tional transboundary water resources treaty tributaries Turkey upper riparian uppermost riparian upstream Vietnam water scarcity water-related West Bank Yacyreta