Intent in Islamic Law: Motive and Meaning in Medieval Sunnī Fiqh
This book explores the nature and role of intent in pre-modern Islamic legal rule books, including ritual, commercial, family, and penal law. It argues that Muslim jurists treat intent as a definitive element of many actions regulated by the Shari'a, and they employ a variety of means and terms to assess and categorize subjective states. Through detailed analyses of medeival Islamic texts, aided by Western philosophical examinations of intent, the author presents technically detailed yet lucid arguments about Islamic religious ritual and spirituality, the ethics of business transactions, the role of the inner self in crime and punishment, and Muslim understandings of agency and language. This is the first extensive exploration of the crucial legal issue of intent in all major areas of Islamic substantive law.
Chapter Two Intent in Islamic Ritual Law
Chapter Three Ritual Spirit and Ritual Intent
Chapter Four Intent In Islamic Contract Law
Chapter Five Intent in Islamic Personal Status Law
Chapter Six Intent in Islamic Penal Law
Ab¯u Han¯ıfa actor acts of worship al-Ikhtiy¯ar al-Mughn¯ı al-Muhadhdhab Arabi asserts assessing basic sincerity Beirut Bid¯ayat al-mujtahid cites complex intentions context contract law defined divorce effect Encyclopaedia of Islam example expiation explicit explicitly expression fiqh al-#ib¯ad¯at fiqh manuals formalism foundationalism ghusl God’s Goldziher had¯ıth hadd hajj Hanaf¯ıs Hanbal¯ıs homicide hud¯ud human Humphrey and Laidlaw husband ib¯ad¯at ib¯ada Ibid Ibn Qud¯ama Ibn Rushd impurity intent in Islamic intentions in contracts invalid Islamic law Islamic legal Islamic ritual law kaff¯ara killing kin¯aya M¯alik M¯alik¯ıs madhhab marriage marriage contract matter meaning Messick mu#¯amal¯at Muslim jurists notes one’s perform performative utterances person potential prayer pronouncement purity qalb Qar¯af¯ı quasi-intentional Qur"¯an regardless of intent religious retaliation ritual action sal¯at Sanh¯ur¯ı sar¯ı.h Schacht Searle simply specific Spectorsky speech acts spiritual status law strict liability tal¯aq talbiyya tayammum term niyya texts tion transactions treatment of intent valid verbal Wensinck zak¯at zih¯ar