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A Treatise on Steam-Boiler: Their Strength, Construction, and Economical ...
No preview available - 2013
allow amount angle iron arranged bars become blow-out bolts bottom butt joints carbonic acid cast iron cause cent cleaning coal combustion consequence corrosion crown cubic foot cylinder defect deposit double riveting draught edge effect efficiency end plate equal escape evaporative experiments explosion externally fired boilers factor of safety feed water feed-water feet firebox flame flanging flue fracture fuel furnace plates fusible plugs gases gauge grooving heating surface increased incrustation internal Lancashire boilers lap joints leakage length lever liable locomotive boilers material ordinary overheating pipe pitch plug pounds prevent punched quantity render resistance ring seams rivet holes safety valves screwed shell side soda sometimes square inch stays steam pressure strain sufficient surface condensation temperature tensile strength thickness of plate tons per square total heat tubes usually vertical boilers water-tube boiler weight welded whilst wrought iron
Page 412 - ... and note this time as the time of starting the test. Fresh coal which has been weighed should now be fired. The ash-pits should be thoroughly cleaned at once after starting. Before the end of the test the fires should be burned low, just as before the start, and the fires cleaned in such...
Page 409 - In preparing for and conducting trials of steamboilers, the specific object of the proposed trial should be clearly defined and steadily kept in view. II. Measure and record the dimensions, position, etc., of grate and heating surfaces, flues and chimneys, proportion of air space in the grate surface, kind of draught, natural or forced.
Page 415 - In tests for purposes of scientific research, in which the determination of all the variables entering into the test is desired, certain observations should be made which are in general unnecessary for ordinary tests.
Page 377 - ... old or new, according to their strength, compared with this standard; and in all cases the test applied shall exceed the working power allowed, in the ratio of one hundred and sixty-five to one hundred and ten.
Page 410 - ... calculation of the results of the test corrected accordingly. Wherever possible, the test should be made with standard coal of a known quality. For that portion of the country east of the Alleghany Mountains, good anthracite egg coal or Cumberland semibituminous coal may be taken as the standard for making tests. West of the Alleghany Mountains and east of the Missouri River, Pittsburg lump coal may be used.
Page 413 - If the boiler is connected to a main steam-pipe with other boilers, the safety valve on the boiler being tested should be set a few pounds higher than those of the other boilers, so that in case of a rise in pressure the other boilers may blow off, and the pressure be reduced by closing their dampers, allowing the damper of the boiler being tested to remain
Page 410 - Water meters, as a rule, should only be used as a check on other measurements. For accurate work, the water should be weighed or measured in a tank. 3. Thermometers and pyrometers for taking temperatures of air, steam, feedwater, waste gases, etc.
Page 377 - ... pounds * to the square inch as the maximum pressure allowable as a working...
Page 415 - ... for purposes of scientific research, in which the determination of all the variables entering into the test is desired certain observations should be made which are in general unnecessary for ordinary tests. These are the measurement of the air supply, the determination of its contained moisture, the determination of the amount of heat lost by radiation, of the amount of infiltration of air through the setting, and (by condensation of all the steam made by the boiler) of the total heat imparted...
Page 410 - VIII. Before beginning a test, the boiler and connections should be free from leaks, and all water connections, including blow- and extra feed-pipes, should be disconnected or stopped with blank flanges, except the particular pipe through which water is to be fed to the boiler during the trial.