Language and Linguistic Contact in Ancient Sicily
Cambridge University Press, Nov 29, 2012 - Foreign Language Study
Within the field of ancient bilingualism, Sicily represents a unique terrain for analysis as a result of its incredibly rich linguistic history, in which 'colonial' languages belonging to branches as diverse as Italic (Oscan and Latin), Greek and Semitic (Phoenician) interacted with the languages of the natives (the elusive Sicel, Sicanian and Elymian). The result of this ancient melting-pot was a culture characterised by 'postcolonial' features such as ethnic hybridity, multilingualism and artistic and literary experimentation. While Greek soon emerged as the leading language, dominating official communication and literature, epigraphic sources and indirect evidence show that the minority languages held their ground down to the fifth century BCE, and in some cases beyond. The first two parts of the volume discuss these languages and their interaction with Greek, while the third part focuses on the sociolinguistic revolution brought about by the arrival of the Romans.
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Agostiniani Alcman alphabet Amadasi Guzzo ancient Sicily archaeological archaic attested Attic bilingualism Camarina Campanian Carthage Catania Chapter cities coin legends colonies contacts culture dative deﬁxiones difﬁcult documents Doric koina east Sicily Elymian Elymian language Entella Epicharmus epigraphic epitaphs ethnic Etruscan evidence example Ferrua ﬁfth century BC ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁrst century fourth century funerary Gela genitive Greek and Latin Halaesa Hellenistic identiﬁed IG XIV IGDS Imperial period indigenous inﬁnitive inﬂuence inscriptions Ionic Iscrizioni island Italic Italic languages Italy koine features Korhonen 201 1b late Latin Lilybaeum linguistic literary Manganaro Messana Mimbrera Motya Mycenaean native non-Greek ofﬁcial onomastics Opici origin Oscan Palermo personal names Phoenician plural Poccetti Prag Punic reﬂect Rome Sabellian SEG LVII Segesta Selinous Sicanian Sicel Sicilian Doric Sicily signiﬁcant Soluntum speakers speciﬁc Strong Doric sufﬁx Syracusan Syracuse texts Theocr Theocritus Thucydides tion Varvaro verb vowel Willi written Zancle