Mapping Vulnerability: Disasters, Development, and People
Earthscan, Jun 17, 2013 - Business & Economics - 256 pages
Raging floods, massive storms and cataclysmic earthquakes: every year up to 340 million people are affected by these and other disasters, which cause loss of life and damage to personal property, agriculture, and infrastructure. So what can be done? The key to understanding the causes of disasters and mitigating their impacts is the concept of 'vulnerability'. Mapping Vulnerability analyses 'vulnerability' as a concept central to the way we understand disasters and their magnitude and impact. Written and edited by a distinguished group of disaster scholars and practitioners, this book is a counterbalance to those technocratic approaches that limit themselves to simply looking at disasters as natural phenomena. Through the notion of vulnerability, the authors stress the importance of social processes and human-environmental interactions as causal agents in the making of disasters. They critically examine what renders communities unsafe - a condition, they argue, that depends primarily on the relative position of advantage or disadvantage that a particular group occupies within a society's social order. The book also looks at vulnerability in terms of its relationship to development and its impact on policy and people's lives, through consideration of selected case studies drawn from Africa, Asia and Latin America. Mapping Vulnerability is essential reading for academics, students, policymakers and practitioners in disaster studies, geography, development studies, economics, environmental studies and sociology.
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agencies Amhara region approach areas Bankoff Barangay Blaikie capacity assessment Chapter climate complexity concept of vulnerability construction context coping cultural damage Delanta disaster management disaster response disaster risk disaster risk reduction discourse drought early warning earthquake economic effective El Niņo emergency environment environmental Ethiopia example factors farmers flood food security forecast FUNCEME gender global government’s groups Hilhorst human IADB identify IDNDR IFRC impact institutions interactions intervention issues knowledge lahar Lempa River mitigation Natural Disaster natural hazards NGOs Niņo Oliver-Smith organizations paradigm particular people’s perceptions perspective Philippines physical political population potential poverty practices preparedness problems processes production programmes ProVention Consortium regions relations result risk and disaster risk assessment risk management risk reduction sector social vulnerability society strategies vulnerability analysis vulnerability and capacity vulnerability assessment vulnerability reduction Western Wisner women zone