Critique of Dialectical Reason: Theory of practical ensembles

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Verso, 2004 - History - 835 pages
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At the height of the Algerian war, Jean-Paul Sartre embarked on a fundamental reappraisal of his philosophical and political thought. The result was the Critique of Dialectical Reason, an intellectual masterpiece of the twentieth century, now republished with a major original introduction by Fredric Jameson. In it, Sartre set out the basic categories for the renovated theory of history that he believed was necessary for post-war Marxism.

Sartre's formal aim was to establish the dialectical intelligibility of history itself, as what he called 'a totalisation without a totaliser'. But, at the same time, his substantive concern was the structure of class struggle and the fate of mass movements of popular revolt, from the French Revolution at the end of the eighteenth century to the Russian and Chinese revolutions in the twentieth: their ascent, stabilisation, petrification and decline, in a world still overwhelmingly dominated by scarcity.
 

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Contents

EDITORS NOTE
xi
THE DOGMATIC DIALECTIC
15
Hegelian Dogmatism
21
The Dialectic of Nature
27
CRITIQUE OF CRITICAL INVESTIGATION
42
INDIVIDUAL PRAXIS AS TOTALISATION
79
Labour
89
HUMAN RELATIONS AS A MEDIATION
95
The Intelligibility of the Fused Group
382
THE STATUTORY GROUP
405
The Pledge
417
Fraternity and Fear
428
THE ORGANISATION
445
Reciprocity and Active Passivity
463
THE CONSTITUTED DIALECTIC
505
THE INSTITUTION
576

Reciprocity Exploitation and Repression
109
ii Scarcity and Marxism
140
Worked Matter as the Alienated Objectification
153
ii Interest
197
Necessity as a New Structure of Dialectical
220
Class Being
228
COLLECTIVES
253
THE FUSED GROUP
345
The Storming of the Bastille
351
The Third Party and the Group
363
Racism and Antisemitism
642
THE PLACE OF HISTORY
664
CLASS STRUGGLE AND DIALECTICAL REASON
735
Malthusianism as the PraxisProcess of the Bourgeoisie
754
a Totaliser
805
ANNEXE
821
GLOSSARY
827
COMPARATIVE PAGINATION CHART
836
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About the author (2004)

Jean-Paul Sartre was a prolific philosopher, novelist, public intellectual, biographer, playwright and founder of the journal Les Temps Modernes. Born in Paris in 1905 and died in 1980, Sartre was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1964—and turned it down. His books include Nausea, Intimacy, The Flies, No Exit, Sartre's War Diaries, Critique of Dialectical Reason, and the monumental treatise Being and Nothingness.

Fredric Jameson is Distinguished Professor of Comparative Literature at Duke University. The author of numerous books, he has over the last three decades developed a richly nuanced vision of Western culture's relation to political economy. He was a recipient of the 2008 Holberg International Memorial Prize. He is the author of many books, including Postmodernism, Or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism, The Cultural Turn, A Singular Modernity, The Modernist Papers, Archaeologies of the Future, Brecht and Method, Ideologies of Theory, Valences of the Dialectic, The Hegel Variations and Representing Capital.

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