Sacred Speakers: Language and Culture Among the Haredim in Israel

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Berghahn Books, 2006 - Religion - 232 pages
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Despite its outwardly static and traditional appearance, the Haredi (ultra-Orthodox) world is engaged in a constant cultural dialogue with modernity. This dialogue is exceptionally visible in the realm of language as shown in this study that examines the language and culture of four ultra-Orthodox groups found in Israel: the Ashkenazi (European) Mitnagdim-Lithuanians, and the Oriental Sefaradi Haredim. After the presentation of the historical background of the four sects, the author analyzes the public and private domains, focusing on language as used in many different forms and situations, and on the management of language. He furthermore compares the language policies of British, American, and French Haredim belonging to the Habad, Gur, Mitnagdic and Sefaradi sects to those in Israel and finds many similarities between the groups. The book concludes with the proposal of an interdisciplinary model, based on the Haredi case study, which can be used by language planners worldwide to understand the issues of language maintenance and loss among ethnic and ethno-religious minorities.

 

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Contents

Jews and Language throughout the Ages
15
Daat Torah and the Public Domain
45
Language in Haredi Space
85
Educational Frameworks
113
Language and Culture among Sefaradi Haredim
143
A Comparison
165
Conclusions
195
Index
225
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Page 219 - Religion That Strengthens Democracy: An Analysis of Religious Political Strategies in Israel.
Page 219 - Janet Belcove-Shalin, ed., New World Hasidim: Ethnographic Studies of Hasidic Jews in America (Syracuse: SUNY Press, 1995); L . Glinert and Y . Shilhav , " Holy Land Holy Language : a Study of Ultra-Orthodox Jewish Ideology," Language and Society 20 (1992): 59-96; Jerome R.

About the author (2006)

Simeon D. Baumel was born in the United States and moved to Israel in 1969 where he studied organic chemistry and taught in the field for many years before completing a Ph.D. in linguistics at Bar Ilan University. He is the coordinator of EFL studies at Achva College, Beer Tuvia and has written a number of articles dealing with language and culture among Jewish minority populations.

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