Applied Building Physics: Boundary Conditions, Building Peformance and Material Properties
The energy crises of the 1970s, persisting moisture problems, complaints about sick buildings, thermal, visual and olfactory discomfort, and the move towards more sustainability in building construction have pushed Building Physics to the forefront of building innovation. The societal pressure to diminish energy consumption in buildings without impairing usability acted as a trigger to activate the whole notion of performance based design and construction. As with all engineering sciences, Building Physics is oriented towards application, which is why, after a first book on fundamentals this second volume examines performance rationale and performance requirements. Outdoor and indoor climate conditions are described and calculation values are discussed, the performance concept is specified at the building level and at the building envelope level, and heat-air-moisture material properties are defined.
The book incorporates 35 years of teaching Building Physics to architectural, building and civil engineers, bolstered by 40 years of experience, research and consultancy.
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air temperature air-tightness annual average brick building level Building Physics calculated Capillary moisture content carbon climate compactness concentration concrete cooling damage decipol decrease demand for heating Density kg/m3 difference Diffusion resistance factor domestic hot water drying Dutch dwellings emission end energy energy consumption energy demand energy efficiency envelope environment equation Figure floor frost function glass Gypsum heating system Hens hygric Hygroscopic Hygroscopic curve increases indoor air quality inside temperature insolation interstitial condensation joints kg/kg layer Leuven load materials metabolism moisture content kg/m3 moisture ratio monthly mean mould node outdoors performance permeance pollution protected volume radiant temperature radiation rain ratio relative humidity rising damp salt solar gains Specific heat capacity surface condensation surface film coefficient Table thermal bridges thermal comfort Thermal conductivity thermal insulation thermal resistance thermal transmittance thickness Uccle vapour pressure ventilation flow ventilation system water absorption coefficient water vapour wind zero zone