"Welcome to Hell": Arbitrary Detention, Torture, and Extortion in Chechnya

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Human Rights Watch, 2000 - Atrocities - 99 pages
Introduction -- Legal standards -- The process of detention -- The Chernokozovo detention center -- Abuses and torture in other places of detention -- The business of release : extortion, "amnesties," and the threat of re-arrest -- Other violations of the rights of individuals deprived of their liberty -- Recommendations.
 

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Page 10 - torture" means any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or...
Page 15 - Principles on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extra-legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions...
Page 15 - Each State Party shall ensure that any individual who alleges he has been subjected to torture in any territory under its jurisdiction has the right to complain to and to have his case promptly and impartially examined by its competent authorities.
Page 9 - I) and which take place in the territory of a High Contracting Party between its armed forces and dissident armed forces or other organized armed groups which, under responsible command, exercise such control over a part of its territory as to enable them to carry out sustained and concerted military operations and to implement this Protocol.
Page 10 - ... or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions.
Page 14 - The High Contracting Parties shall secure to everyone within their jurisdiction the rights and freedoms defined in Section I of this Convention SECTION I Article 2 1.
Page 14 - secure to everyone within their jurisdiction the rights and freedoms defined in ... [the] Convention", requires by implication that there should be an effective official investigation.
Page 14 - No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Page 85 - Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment...
Page 14 - where an individual is taken into police custody in good health but is found to be injured at the time of release, it is incumbent on the State to provide a plausible explanation of how those injuries were caused, failing which a clear issue arises under Article 3 of the Convention" (see, inter alia, Selmouni v.

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