Language Acquisition: The Age Factor
Multilingual Matters, Jan 1, 2004 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 289 pages
This book examines the evidence relative to the idea that there is an age factor in first and second language acquisition, evidence that has sources ranging from studies of feral children to evaluations of language programmes in primary schools. It goes on to explore the various explanations that have been advanced to account for such evidence. Finally, it looks at the educational ramifications of the age question, with particular regard to formal second language teaching in the early school years and in 'third age' contexts.
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ability accent acquired adolescents adult learners age factor age of arrival age-related andragogy aphasia areas aspects begins Bever Bialystok bilingualism Bongaerts brain capacity cerebral cerebral hemispheres Chapter Child Language childhood Chomsky cited claim cognitive communication comprehension Critical Period Hypothesis developmental early L2 instruction emerged English evidence experience exposure Flege foreign language French French immersion grammatical Guiora immersion programme immigrants innateness hypothesis input interaction interpreted involved Irish Krashen L2 acquisition L2 learners L2 learning language development language functions language learning lateralisation Lenneberg lexical linguistic maturational months morpheme native speakers normal notion older adult older learners onset period for language phonological primary school proficiency pronunciation prosodic Psycholinguistics puberty pupils question regard relation relevant right hemisphere Schumann Second Language Acquisition second language learning semilingualism sentences skills speech stage studies subjects suggests syntactic target language thalamus tion vocabulary words younger learners