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The F layer peak and above
Geomagnetism ionospheric currents and ionospheric
THE PRINCIPLES GOVERNING SOME IONOSPHERIC
Movements of charged particles in magnetic fields 115 7 Movements of charged particles in magnetic fields
angle applied atmosphere atoms becomes boundary calculated called causes changes collisions comparatively component conductivity consider constant corresponding cosmic rays curve decreases density depends determined diffusion direction discussed distance distribution earth earth's magnetic field electric field electron concentration energy equal equator equilibrium expression field lines flow follows force frequency geomagnetic field given greater ground heat height important increase indicated ionization ionosphere ions kind layer less loss lower magnetic field magnetosphere magnitude mass measured motion move movements negative neutral normal observed occurs original particles passes peak perpendicular places plane plasma polar potential processes produce proportional protons radiation radio reaction reference reflection refractive index region relation represented resulting rotation satellite scattered shape shows side situation solar solar wind sometimes space spectrum Suppose surface temperature unit upwards usually velocity vertical volume wave wavelength