Fruit Culture in Foreign Countries: Reports, from the Consuls of the United States, on Fruit Culture in Their Several Districts, in Answer to a Circular from the Department of State

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1891 - Fruit-culture - 545 pages
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Page 235 - ... in the matter. The detailed particulars you require are not available from the official returns, and the board can only refer you for information, to the gross value of the imports of cotton manufactures into the port of London, to the figures contained in the volumes of the Annual Statement of the trade of the United Kingdom.
Page 503 - Decayed fruit is not peeled, as its oil cells, being atrofied, yield no essence. Fresh peel is soaked in water fifteen minutes before the essence is extracted. Peel that has stood a day or two should remain in soak from thirty to forty minutes, that it may swell and offer a greater resistance against the sponge. The operative holds a small sponge in his left hand against which he presses each piece of peel two or three times, simple pressure followed by rotary pressure. The women employed in this...
Page 604 - In reply to the circular which you did me the honor to address me under date of February 12, I make it my duty to bring to your notice that oranges and lemons are not cultivated in Aleppo owing to the severely cold weather here in winter, which is so injurious to these trees. OLIVES.
Page 364 - Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May. Juno. July. Aug. Sept. Oct.
Page 554 - ... the soil soon becomes exhausted. It is a very good custom to mix the guano with stable manure, as, in addition to economy and the facility and equality with which it can be spread in this manner, the results obtained are more beneficial, because, without lessening its efficacy, it neither burns nor destroys the young plants, although these might come in contact with it. By means of practical trials it has been found...
Page 494 - The expense is estimated as about the same, namely, $05 per hectare (2.471 acres) per annum. SUMMARY. Oranges and lemons are not raised in such quantities in this consular district as to admit of large exportation, but the trade in olive oil is a big item. The following table is copied from advanced sheets of what is designed as an accurate report of the importation and exportation of olive oil, oranges, and lemons for the year 1883, to be soon issued by the Chamber of Commerce of this city.
Page 733 - ... place for the night. This operation is followed until the figs are perfectly cured. When they are selected, the various sizes are spread on sheets for a few days in a ventilated place, the windows of which must be closed when the atmosphere is damp; and lastly the figs are pressed downwards on a table to give them a round shape ; then they are packed, in boxes lined with paper. The boxes must be kept in a dry and ventilated room. The common figs are packed and pressed in mats. FELIX A. MATHEWS,...
Page 545 - The tree is then placed on said cone in such manner that the neck of the root, when the hole is filled in, will not be deeper than it was in the nursery, as should that limit be surpassed the root, being deprived of the action of the air, would only work imperfectly. The only exceptions to this rule are the transplantations to dry, arable ground, and in this case the neck of the root is placed at about five centimeters below the surface. Being thus placed, the roots are covered with the remaining...
Page 539 - The young plants are from four to six weeks before appearing above the surface, and sometimes more, and the plants are kept in the nursery for one or two years, according to the state of their development. The chief things to be observed with the seedlings are : (1) The earth should always have a certain amount of humidity. (2) The plant should be kept perfectly clean, and should weeds spring up these should be rooted out with a small weeding-hook. (3) When the young plants...
Page 561 - Ants not only injure the fruit but impart to it a somewhat disagreeable smell and flavor; they frequently establish themselves at the foot of the trees and form galleries in all directions amongst the roots, causing such trees as are attacked to languish and ofttimes to perish from the formic acid spread around them, which acid burns the young roots. In this case it may occasion damage to the trees. When an ant-hill is found in the neighborhood of a tree, the following is recommended as an excellent...

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