Foucault: A Very Short Introduction
Foucault is one of those rare philosophers who has become a cult figure. Born in 1926 in France, over the course of his life he dabbled in drugs, politics, and the Paris SM scene, all whilst striving to understand the deep concepts of identity, knowledge, and power. From aesthetics to the penal system; from madness and civilisation to avant-garde literature, Foucault was happy to reject old models of thinking and replace them with versions that are still widely debated today. A major influence on Queer Theory and gender studies (he was openly gay and died of an AIDS-related illness in 1984), he also wrote on architecture, history, law, medicine, literature, politics and of course philosophy, and even managed a best-seller in France on a book dedicated to the history of systems of thought. Because of the complexity of his arguments, people trying to come to terms with his work have desperately sought introductory material that makes his theories clear and accessible for the beginner. Ideally suited for the Very Short Introductions series, Gary Gutting presents a comprehensive but non-systematic treatment of some highlights of Foucault's life and thought. Beginning with a brief biography to set the social and political stage, he then tackles Foucault's thoughts on literature, in particular the avant-garde scene; his philosophical and historical work; his treatment of knowledge and power in modern society; and his thoughts on sexuality. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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18th century analysis ancient sexuality asylum Bataille Bataille’s behaviour Blanchot Cambridge causal Chapter Christian claim Classical Collège de France conception constraints critical critique Daniel Defert define Descartes developed Discipline and Punish discussion distinctive domination Enlightenment episteme Epistemology essay ethical example existential experience fact Foucault says Foucault’s archaeology Foucault’s history framework French games of truth Gary Gutting genealogy Georges Bataille Greek Heidegger hermeneutics History of Madness History of Sexuality homosexual human idea individuals intellectual interview Kant Kant’s Kantian language liberation limit-experiences limits linguistic literary marginal groups Marxism Maurice Blanchot Michel Foucault mode modern power moral moral therapies Nietzsche Nietzsche’s norms object Order of Things Oulipo Oxford Paul Rée phenomenology philosophy political possibility power relations prison problematization question Raymond Roussel reason revolution Sartre Sartre’s sense social society specific structures suggests thought transcendental transformation transgression University Press Volume writing York