The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs
National Academy of Engineering, National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, Committee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production and Use
National Academies Press, Sep 5, 2004 - Science - 256 pages
The announcement of a hydrogen fuel initiative in the Presidentā€™s 2003 State of the Union speech substantially increased interest in the potential for hydrogen to play a major role in the nationā€™s long-term energy future. Prior to that event, DOE asked the National Research Council to examine key technical issues about the hydrogen economy to assist in the development of its hydrogen R&D program. Included in the assessment were the current state of technology; future cost estimates; CO2 emissions; distribution, storage, and end use considerations; and the DOE RD&D program. The report provides an assessment of hydrogen as a fuel in the nationā€™s future energy economy and describes a number of important challenges that must be overcome if it is to make a major energy contribution. Topics covered include the hydrogen end-use technologies, transportation, hydrogen production technologies, and transition issues for hydrogen in vehicles.