Saipan & Tinian 1944: Piercing the Japanese Empire
The 1944 invasion of Saipan was the first two-division amphibious assault conducted by US forces in World War II (1939-1945). Saipan and Tinian had been under Japanese control since 1914 and, heavily colonized, they were considered virtually part of the Empire. The struggle for Saipan and Tinian was characterized by the same bitter fighting that typified the entire Central Pacific campaign. Fighting side-by-side, Army and Marine units witnessed the largest tank battle of the Pacific War, massed Japanese banzai charges, and the horror of hundreds of Japanese civilians committing suicide to avoid capture. In this book Gordon Rottman details the capture of these vital islands that led to the collapse of Prime Minister Tojo’s government.
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105th Infantry 16 June 1st Battalion engineer 23rd Marines 25th Marines 27th InfDiv 2nd Battalion 2nd MarDiv 2nd Marines 31st Army 43rd Division 4th MarDiv 8th Marines advance Afetna Point aircraft ammunition amphibian tanks Amphibian Tractor Battalion Amphibious amtracs Armored Amphibian Artillery ashore Aslito Airfield assault attack beachhead bombardment bombers casualties Charan Kanoa cliffs coast defense counterattack cruisers DUKWs Eniwetok Expeditionary Troops fire support flank Fleet Garapan Garrison Force Guam guns headquarters Howard Gerrard Infantry Regiment island J-Day Japan Japanese Jarman July June Kagman Peninsula Lake Susupe landing beaches landing craft LtGen Smith LVTs Magicienne Bay MajGen Marine Division Medical Battalion mortar Nafutan Point Naval Navy Northern NTLF Reserve O-l Line operation platoon Prov Purple Heart Purple Heart Ridge Saipan and Tinian secure seized shore party Staff Susupe Tanapag Harbor Tapotchau Tinian Town Truk units White XXIV Corps XXIV Corps Artillery