Collective Killings in Rural China during the Cultural Revolution
The violence of Mao's China is well known, but its extreme form is not. In 1967 and 1968, during the Cultural Revolution, collective killings were widespread in rural China in the form of public execution. Victims included women, children, and the elderly. This book is the first to systematically document and analyze these atrocities, drawing data from local archives, government documents, and interviews with survivors in two southern provinces. This book extracts from the Chinese case lessons that challenge the prevailing models of genocide and mass killings and contributes to the historiography of the Cultural Revolution, in which scholarship has mainly focused on events in urban areas.
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ACPPA armed battles Beijing bureaucratic cadres Cangwu Cangwu County Cangwu xianzhi Chapter China Chinese clan class enemies class struggle collective action collective killings communist conﬂict counter-revolutionary countryside County Gazetteer county’s Cultural Revolution Daoxian deﬁned deﬁnition documents Doug McAdam eliminationist killing ethnic ﬁrst ﬁve Four Types Four-Type genocide Guangdong and Guangxi Guangdong Province Guangxi and Guangdong Guangxi Province Guangxi renmin chubanshe Guangzhou Hakka Hubei Ibid killers Land Reform landlords and rich leaders lineage Mao’s China mass campaigns mass factions mass killings mass organizations mobilization movement Nanning number of deaths Ofﬁce ofﬁcials Party Center People’s percent perpetrators population Quanzhou County Rectiﬁcation Red Guard reported revolutionary committee rich peasants rural signiﬁcant social speciﬁc state-policy model targets tion township University Press urban victims village violence Walder wen’ge Wuhua xian xianzhi bianzuan weiyuanhui Xingning Xingning County Yang Su Zhang Cheng Zhang Ning Zhao Zheng Zhongguo