Reasons and Persons
This book challenges, with several powerful arguments, some of our deepest beliefs about rationality, morality, and personal identity. The author claims that we have a false view of our own nature; that it is often rational to act against our own best interests; that most of us have moral views that are directly self-defeating; and that, when we consider future generations the conclusions will often be disturbing. He concludes that moral non-religious moral philosophy is a young subject, with a promising but unpredictable future.
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - dono421846 - LibraryThing
I've often felt this book has not received the attention that it deserves. While not exactly what one would call an easy read, the arguments overwhelm the reader and, perhaps, permanently change one's views. Read full review
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accept achieve acting wrongly answer appeal apply argued argument assume beneﬁt best fulﬁl bias brain and body cause cease child choice Common-Sense Morality concern conﬂict Consequentialist Consider continued existence deny described Desire-Fulﬁlment desires diﬂerent Dilemmas discuss disposition ﬁnd ﬁrst further fact give happens happiness imagined implies involve irrational justiﬁed kind later less matters Mere Addition Paradox moral reason moral theory Nagel never self-denying Non-Reductionist View objection one’s outcome better outcome worse outweighed pain past personal identity plausible possible Present-aim Theory Prisoner's Dilemmas psychological connectedness psychological continuity pure do-gooders question reasons for acting Reductionist View reject relation Replica Repugnant Conclusion resulting person revised S-Theorist self-defeating Self-interest Theory separately existing entities series-person Sidgwick signiﬁcance Social Discount Rate someone stream of consciousness suffering Suppose Teletransportation temporally neutral theories about self-interest Theorist threat-ignorer transitive relation true Utilitarians worth living wrong