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The PanIslamism of Sultan Abdul Hamid II
PanIslamism as a Religious Revival
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Abdul Hamid Adana Africa agricultural Aidin Aleppo Alexandretta Anatolia Arabs Armenians Asia Minor Baghdad Railway Beirut British Brusa Caliph capital cent Central centre century chief Christian coast colonies Committee of Union communities concession Congress conquest Constantinople cotton cultivation Damascus Debt districts Druses dynasty east eastern Egypt Egyptian especially established Europe European exports foreign France French Gaza German Greeks Haifa Hauran Hejaz railway important India industry influence Islam Jaffa Jerusalem Jewish Jews kilometres kingdom Konia Kurds labour land language large numbers Latakia Lebanon Maronites Mecca ment Mersina Mohammed Mohammedan Moslem mountains native nomads northern official Osmanli Ottoman Empire Palestine Pan-Islamic Pan-Turanian Pasha Persian political population port produce province region religion religious Russian sanjak Seljuk Sheikh Smyrna Sultan Syria tion tobacco tons towns trade tribes Tripoli Turkey Turkish Government Turkish-speaking Union and Progress vilayet western Young Turks Zionist