A History of the Druzes, Volume 1
"A History of the Druzes" begins with an introduction to the early history of the Druzes, focusing on the religious, political, and social features that fostered the Druze community as a religious minority with its own particular characteristics, facilitating an understanding of the Druzes today. Part two examines the period of decline of the Druzes in Lebanon and the emergence of their new center of settlement in Hawr?n as well as the socio-political significance of the decline against the background of the history of the community. Part three studies the situation of the Druze community during the years 1860-1914, when the new settlement in Hawr?n took over the role played by the community in Lebanon in the past. It discusses the rise of the Atrash family, the type of feudality that existed in Hawr?n, the interaction of the Druze community with its environment, and the community's internal socio-political development. Part four is concerned with the repercussions of the mandate system on the socio-political situation of the Druzes community in the new constellation characterized by the dispute between Britain and France and by the emergence of Arab national movements. The post-1946/48 years are dealt with in a short concluding part which surveys the Druze communities in Syria, Lebanon and Israel and provides an historical perspective in evaluating the present situation of the Druzes in each of these countries.
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Chapter One Origins and Early History
Chapter One To Hawran
Chapter Two The Roots of the MaroniteDruze Con
Chapter Three The MaroniteDruze Conflict 1841
Chapter Four The Road to the Civil War of 1860
Chapter One The Hawran Refuge
in the Ottoman Context
Abba Hushi Abu Fakhr Abu Rashid Abu Rukun Abu Shaqra ad-Din al-cAaysami al-Harakat Amir Bashir appointed April Arab Arslan as-Suwayda Atrash attack August Bedouins began Beirut Biqac Bouron British consul Busra cAbd cAbdalla cAmer Carbillet cAzzam Christians cIsfiya cIzz cUbayd dacwa Damascus December district Druze chiefs Druze community Druze leaders Druze revolt Druze settlement Druze sheikhs Druze villages Egyptian factionalism force French consul Galilee Guillois Hamad Hamdan Hasan Hasbaya Hawran Husayn Ibid Ibrahim Pasha inhabitants Islam Ismacil al-Atrash Jabal ad-Duruz Jabal Hawran January July Junblat June Laja Lebanese Lebanon Maronite mashyakha system McDowell mihna Moore to Ponsonby Muhammad muqatacjis Muslim nationalists November October Ottoman Ottoman authorities Ottoman troops Palestine Palestinian peasants political population qa'immaqam Qanawat religious SacId Salim Salkhad September Shibli Shidyaq Shihab Sultan al-Atrash Syria Syria and Lebanon Syrie-Liban taqiyya Tarif Thouvenel tion TPrikh Turquie-Damas Wadl at-Taym Yusuf Zionists
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