Realism and anti-realism
Stuart Brock and Edwin Mares offer a clear introduction to different realist and anti-realist positions and arguments in five key domains - science, ethics, mathematics, modality, and fictional objects. Realism and Anti-Realism focuses on the core concept of realism, taking the perspective that, for each domain considered, there are facts or entities distinctive to that domain whose existence and nature is in some important sense objective and mind-independent. For each of the five areas the authors examine the various styles of argument in support of and against realism and anti-realism, showing how different positions and arguments arise, evaluating their success, and drawing some general conclusions about the assorted strategies. They provide in-depth explorations of error theory, fictionalism, non-cognitivism, relativism, and response-dependence, which they consider to be the most important positions in opposition to realism.
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the existence axis
the independence axis
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abstract objects accept According anti-realism anti-realist approximately true argument assertion attitude problem believe Berkeley Cambridge causal claims colour conceptual schemes concrete consider Davidson depend dogs domain Dummett emotivism entities error theory ersatzer example exist experience express expressivism false fictional characters fictionalist Fraassen Hylas ideal intuition intuitionism intuitionists Kant kind language Lewis Lewis's Logical Positivists Maddy mathematical objects mathematical theories ment mereology metaphysical mind-dependence minds modal modal realism moral facts moral properties natural numbers Ockham's razor ontological commitments Oxford University Press parsimony philosophers physical physicalist Platonism possible worlds postulate prefix fictionalist premise principle proposition Putnam quantifier reason reduced reference response-dependent concept Rosen Scarlett O'Hara scientific theories secondary qualities semantic sense sentence socially constructed someone sort Stu's supervenience Suppose talk theory of meaning thesis things tion truth understand utterances value assignment verificationism verificationist verify worlds and individuals Zermela