The Bioarchaeology of Dissection and Autopsy in the United States
Kenneth C. Nystrom
Springer, Aug 13, 2016 - Social Science - 346 pages
Encountering evidence of postmortem examinations - dissection or autopsy in historic skeletal collections is relatively rare, but recently there has been an increase in the number of reported instances. And much of what has been evaluated has been largely descriptive and historical. The Bioarchaeology of Dissection and Autopsy brings together in a single volume the skeletal evidence of postmortem examination in the United States. Ranging from the early colonial period to the early 1900’s, from a coffeehouse at Colonial Williamsburg to a Quaker burial vault in lower Manhattan, the contributions to this volume demonstrate the interpretive significance of a historically and theoretically contextualized bioarchaeology. The authors employ a wide range of perspectives, demonstrating how bioarchaeological evidence can be used to address a wide range of themes including social identity and marginalization, racialization, the nature of the body and fragmentation, and the emergence of medical practice and authority in the United States.
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adult African African Americans Albany County Almshouse Cemetery American amputation anatomists archaeological autopsy autopsy and dissection Bioarchaeology Blockley Almshouse burial ground buried cadavers Champlain Church Cobb coffeehouse coffin colonial contexts cranial craniotomy cranium cut marks dead bodies death Department of Anthropology diaphysis dissection Dissection and Autopsy early elements evidence of postmortem excavated femur fragments frontal grave robbing Harvard Holden Chapel human remains human skeletal individuals interred Jamestown Journal lectures located male mandible Medical College medical education medical schools Medicine Milwaukee County Milwaukee County Poor Museum nineteenth century Nystrom occipital Owsley Paleopathology parietal pathology patients perimortem personhood Philadelphia Physical Anthropology physicians Poorhouse postcranial postmortem postmortem examination practice recovered Saint Croix Island Sappol skeletal evidence skeletal remains skeletal sample skeletons Smithsonian Institution specimens Spring Street structural violence subadult surgeons surgery surgical tibia tion trepanation trephination unclaimed bodies University Press vault vertebrae Virginia Williamsburg York