Mobile Broadband: Including WiMAX and LTE

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Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 5, 2009 - Technology & Engineering - 513 pages

Mobile Broadband: Including WiMAX and LTE provides an overview of IP-OFDMA technology, commencing with cellular and IP technology for the uninitiated while providing a foundation for OFDMA theory and emerging technologies, such as WiMAX, LTE, and beyond.

Features include:

  • A coherent and systematic discussion of all aspects of Mobile Broadband Wireless,
  • Thorough information on OFDMA and All-IP Networking with its present technology in 4G,
  • Information to assist industry professionals in understanding the convergence of core access networks, device convergence and service convergence.

Throughout the book the author also discusses several wireless standards based on OFDMA such as UMB, IEEE 802.16j (Mobile Multihop Relay) and 802.16m (Gigabit WiMAX), IEEE 802.20 (MBWA), and IEEE 802.22 (Cognitive Radio). The book brings a good balance of theory, technology and practice of mobile broadband.

 

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Contents

612 Other Smart Antenna Techniques
255
IEEE 80211n
256
614 Summary
258
References
259
SCFDMA
261
73 SCFDMA System
263
74 Summary
266
WiMAX Physical Layer
271

16 Mobile Broadband Market
16
17 Summary
17
Basics of Cellular Communication
19
211 Handover
21
212 Cellular Deployments
22
22 Spectral Efficiency
25
23 Digital Communication
26
231 Source Coding
27
232 Channel Coding
29
234 Forward Error Correction
30
236 Puncturing
31
238 Interleaving
32
2310 Digital Modulation
35
24 Wireless Channel
37
241 Pathloss
38
242 Shadowing
44
243 Fading
45
244 Delay Spread
47
245 Coherence Bandwidth
48
246 Doppler Spread
50
248 Channel Models
51
25 Diversity Techniques
55
26 Multiple Access Schemes
56
27 OFDMA
58
TDD HFDD Architectures
60
29 Wireless Backhauling
61
210 Summary
63
References
64
Basics of AllIP Networking
67
32 IP Protocol
68
33 IP Address Assignment
70
34 IPv6
71
35 IP Transmission
72
36 IP Routing Protocols
73
361 RIP Version 2
74
362 OSPF
75
364 Multicast IP
76
Integrated Services
77
Resource Reservation Protocol
78
Multiprotocol Label Switching
79
Deep Packet Inspection
81
38 IP Header Compression
82
39 IP Security
83
391 Security Associations
85
310 IP Tunneling
86
PointtoPoint Protocol
88
3112 PPP Authentication
89
3121 RADIUS
90
3122 DIAMETER
91
Extensible Authentication Protocol
92
3131 EAPTLS
93
3132 EAPTTLS
94
314 Mobile IP
95
3141 Route Optimization
96
Proxy Mobile IPv4
97
3144 Mobile IP for IPv6
98
Session Initiated Protocol
99
IP Multimedia Subsystem
102
317 Summary
105
Principles of OFDM
108
42 A simple OFDM system
114
43 Coding
118
431 Block Coding
120
432 ReedSolomon Coding
123
433 Convolutional Coding
125
434 Concatenated Coding
128
435 Trellis Coding
130
436 Turbo Coding
132
437 LDPC Coding
135
44 Synchronization
138
441 Timing Offset
139
442 Frequency Offset
140
444 PilotAssisted TimeFrequency Synchronization
141
445 Blind TimeFrequency Synchronization
143
46 Equalization
146
Zero Forcing Equalizer
148
Minimum MeanSquare Error Equalizer
149
Decision Feedback Equalizers
150
464 Adaptive Equalizers
152
467 Turbo Equalizer
154
469 Time and Frequency Domain Equalization
158
47 PeaktoAverage Power Ratio and Clipping
159
472 Clipping
161
473 Other Methods
166
IEEE 80211a
168
49 Summary
170
References
171
Principles of OFDMA
177
CSMAOFDM
178
TDMAOFDM
179
FDMAOFDM
180
MCCDMA
181
516 OFDMA
182
52 Multiuser Diversity and AMC
183
53 OFDMA System Model and Formulation
184
531 Scalable OFDMA
185
532 System Model
186
533 QoS Awareness
187
Fixed QoS Constraints
188
541 Optimal Solution
189
542 Suboptimal Solutions
190
544 Bit Loading Algorithm
191
545 Iterative Solution
192
547 Greedy Release Algorithm
193
549 Vertical Swapping Algorithm
194
5410 Performance Analysis
195
Variable QoS
199
Single Frequency Network
201
561 Optimum Solution
203
563 Heuristic Solution
206
FlashOFDM
208
571 Interference Diversity
209
572 Hopping Method
214
574 FlashOFDM Architecture
215
Embedded Modulation
216
581 Optimum Solution
217
582 Iterative Solution
218
59 Summary
219
Multiple Antenna Systems
221
62 Spatial Diversity
224
63 Basics of MIMO
225
631 MIMO Channel
226
632 Decoding
227
634 Channel Feedback
228
64 SIMO
229
641 Combining Techniques
230
65 MISO
234
652 Transmit Diversity Without CSI Alamouti Scheme
235
653 MISO Capacity
236
66 MIMO
237
662 2x2 MIMO Alamouti Based
239
663 Spatial Multiplexing Gain
240
664 MIMO Capacity with CSI
242
665 MIMO Capacity Without CSI
243
67 SpaceTime Coding
244
672 SpaceTime Trellis Coding STTC
246
68 MIMO BLAST Transceiver
249
69 MIMO with HARQ
252
610 Multiuser MIMO SDMA
253
611 Cooperative MIMO and Macrodiversity
254
81 OFDMA Signal
273
82 OFDMA Symbol
274
Downlink Partial Usage of Subcarriers
276
Tile Usage of Subcarriers
278
825 AMC Subchannels
279
83 OFDMA Frame
281
831 OFDMA Data Mapping
282
832 TDD Frame
283
833 FDDHFDD Frame
285
835 MBS Zone
287
836 Sounding Zone
288
84 Multiple Antenna System Support
289
OpenLoop
290
Frequency Hopping Diversity Code
292
ClosedLoop
293
845 Feedback Methods
295
85 Channel Coding
297
853 Interleaving
302
854 Repetition
303
861 Ranging
304
862 Power Control
305
863 Channel Quality Measurements
306
87 Summary
307
WiMAX MAC Layer
308
91 Reference Model
310
Packet Header Suppression
312
931 MAC PDU Formats
313
932 Construction and Transmission of MAC PDUs
320
934 Transmission Scheduling
323
94 Network Entry and Initialization
325
95 QoS
327
96 Sleep Mode for MobilitySupporting MS
329
961 Power Saving Class of Type I
330
963 Power Saving Class of Type III
331
972 Association Procedure
332
974 Soft Handover
334
Multicast Broadcast Service
337
910 Summary
339
WiMAX Network Layer
341
102 Design Constraints
342
Access Service Network
344
Access Service Network Gateway
345
Connectivity Service Network
346
106 Reference Points
347
108 Network Discovery and Selection
349
109 IP Addressing
350
1010 AAA Framework
351
10101 Authentication and Authorization Protocols
352
10102 Authenticator and Mobility Domains
355
10111 Offline Accounting
357
1012 QoS framework
358
10121 DiffServ Support
359
1013 ASN Anchored Mobility
360
10131 Data Path Bearer Function
361
10132 Handoff Function
362
1014 CSN Anchored Mobility
363
10142 Client MIP
364
Radio Resource Management
365
1017 Release 15 Features
366
Multicast Broadcast Services
370
Emergency Services
372
Lawful Intercept
373
Universal Services Interface
375
OvertheAir Provisioning
376
1018 Summary
377
References
378
LongTerm Evolution of 3GPP
379
Evolved Packet System
381
Mobility Management Entity
382
Serving Gateway
383
112 EUTRAN
384
Evolved NodeB
385
User Equipment
387
1131 Reference Points
388
114 System Aspects
390
1142 Security
391
115 LTE Higher Protocol Layers
392
1151 Communication Channel Structure
393
1152 NAS Layer
395
1154 PDCP Layer
396
116 LTE MAC layer
397
1162 HARQ
398
1163 Cell Search
399
1166 Internode B Synchronization
400
1169 Self Configuration
401
117 LTE PHY Layer
403
1172 Channel Coding
405
1173 OFDMA Downlink
407
1174 MIMO for OFDMA Downlink
409
1175 SCFDMA Uplink
411
1176 MIMO for SCFDMA Uplink
412
118 Summary
414
Ultra Mobile Broadband of 3GPP2
417
122 Reference Model
419
Converged Access Network
420
Access Gateway
421
Session Reference Network Controller
422
1234 Other Entities
423
1235 Reference Points
424
124 Mobility Support
425
1243 InterAGW handover
426
126 UMB Physical and MAC Layers
428
1261 Forward and Reverse Link Channels
429
1262 Coding and Modulation
431
1263 OFDM Structure and Modulation Parameters
432
1264 HARQ
435
1265 Multiple Antenna Procedures
436
1266 HopPort Definition and Indexing
437
1267 Channel Tree
439
1268 Resource Management
442
1269 Interference Management
443
12610 Power Savings
444
References
445
Drivers of Convergence
447
131 Network Convergence
448
1311 LTE Interworking with WiMAX
449
1312 LTE Interworking with HRPD of3GPP2
451
1313 WiMAX Internetworking with 3GPP2
452
1314 WiMAX Internetworking with 3GPP
453
1315 WiMAX Internetworking with DSL
454
Generic Access Network formerly UMA
456
1317 Seamlessness with IEEE 80221
458
132 Service Convergence
460
1321 One PCC
461
1322 One IMS
463
133 Device Convergence
465
134 More Coverage with IEEE 80216j
466
1341 Transparent Relay Mode
467
135 More Capacity with IEEE 80216m
468
1351 Uplink
470
1352 LowLatency Frame
471
136 More Access with IEEE 80220
472
137 More Free Spectrum with IEEE 80222
473
1371 IEEE 80222 Air Interface
475
138 Summary
478
List of Figures
481
List of Tables
495
Glossary
497
Index
507
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