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advisable amount of exposure angle of view appear arranged At-Home Portraiture background building camera Catalog catch-light CHAPTER color commercial construction contrast curtains dark depth of focus desired detail developer diffusing screen drapery effect employed extremely eyes face feet figure flash flash-powder flashbags flashlight flat focal length focus front give given graph ground-glass halation high-lights inches interior ject lamp lenses lines magnesium method muslin necessary negative non-halation nose object obtained ordinary plate orthochromatic plates panchromatic Paragraph photographer picture space Plain portion Portrait Lighting posing position possible posure powder Press Photography produce proper Pyro Rapid Rectilinear rectilinear lens reflected light reflecting screen reflector Rembrandt Lighting secure shade shadow side shown in Illustration shutter sitter soft source of light stop strong Study sufficient supply tion tripod under-exposure usually view camera wide-angle lens window
Page 79 - There would be no particular points of light on the subject that would stand out more clearly than others. Of course, light draperies and light portions of the subject will reproduce light, and dark parts will be dark in the photograph, but there would not be any perceptible amount of relief, or roundness, shown in the finished print.
Page 80 - If the subject is placed on the shadow side of the house, the house itself acts as a curtain — shutting off the light from one side. Still, a flood of light will come from the top, so it is necessary to go a little farther and, perhaps, place the subject under a porch. Now two sides are screened from the flood of light, and if a background is placed at one end of the porch it would be possible to obtain a fairly pleasing portrait.
Page 80 - Effect of All Side Light.— If the subject is placed in a room, quite near a window, with opaque shades pulled down from the top until the light comes in only at the lower half, all shadows will be cast straight across the face ; the side next to the light will be in very strong light, while the opposite side will be in heavy shadow.
Page 83 - This is accomplished by placing a piece of thin cloth — such as cheese-cloth or muslin — over the window, softening the light; not only reducing the harshness of the high-lights, but diffusing the light throughout the room so that the shadows receive better illumination. This, then, reduces the amount of contrast and gives a softness which is unobtainable if the hard direct light is allowed to fall on the subject.
Page 79 - Light.— True, characteristic and pleasing effects may be produced out-ofdoors, but it is necessary that some methods or means of controlling the immense expanse of light be employed. For instance, it is almost impossible to place the subject in strong sunlight and expect to get a pleasing effect.
Page 83 - Even though the light may fall at the proper angle, there may still be deep shadows on the side of the face farthest from the light. The parts of the face receiving the strongest volume of light may be too white, so it is necessary that the light be further controlled. This is accomplished by placing a piece of thin cloth — such as...
Page 30 - ... attention to technical detail is necessary in architectural work than in landscape. Nine out of ten prints of architectural interiors are spoilt by insufficient foreground being shown. A fairly low point of view is generally the best, as it prevents the appearance of the floor running uphill. An immense difference may be made in the lighting of most interiors by choosing the right time of day.
Page 79 - Why is it impossible to photograph a subject, with proper portrait effects, out in the open in broad daylight? Why is it imperative that any particular form of lighting or a special method of arrangement of light is necessary? Why is it impractical to place a subject next to a window, make an exposure and secure good results?
Page 83 - From the foregoing it will be understood to be absolutely necessary that some method, or means, be adopted for controlling the light and enabling the production of any desired effect, although it is not necessary to have expensive paraphernalia.