The Islamic World in Ascendancy: From the Arab Conquests to the Siege of Vienna

Voorkant
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000 - 232 pagina's
0 Recensies

In the view of Dr. Martin Sicker, it was with the emergence of Islam that the combination of geopolitics and religion reached its most volatile form and provided the ideological context for war and peace in the Middle East for more than a millennium. The conflation of geopolitics and religion in Islam is predicated on the concept of jihad (struggle), which may be understood as a crescentade, in the same sense as the later Christian crusade, which seeks to achieve a religious goal, the conversion of the world to Islam, by militant means. This equates to a concept of perpetual war with the non-Muslim world, a concept that underlays Muslim geopolitical thinking throughout the thousand-year period covered in this book. However, as Sicker amply demonstrates, the concept often bore little relation to the political realities of the region that as often as not saw Muslims and non-Muslims aligned against and at war with other Muslims.

The story of the emergence and phenomenal ascendancy of the Islamic world from a relatively small tribe in sparsely populated Arabia is one that taxes the imagination, but it becomes more comprehensible when viewed through a geopolitical prism. Religion was repeatedly and often shamelessly harnessed to geopolitical purpose by both Muslims and Christians, albeit with arguably greater Muslim success. Islamic ascendancy began as an Arab project, initially focused on the Arabian peninsula, but was soon transformed into an imperialist movement with expansive ambitions. As it grew, it quickly registered highly impressive gains, but soon lost much of its Arab content. It ended a millennium later as a Turkish--more specifically, an Ottoman--project with many intermediate transformations. The reverberations of the thousand-year history of that ascendancy are still felt today in many parts of the greater Middle East. A comprehensive geopolitical survey for scholars, students, researchers, and all others interested in the history of the Middle East and Islam.

 

Wat mensen zeggen - Een review schrijven

We hebben geen reviews gevonden op de gebruikelijke plaatsen.

Geselecteerde pagina's

Inhoudsopgave

Introduction
1
Empire of the Quraish
7
The Umayyad Empire
21
The Abbasid Empire
29
Abbasia Decline and Imperial Disintegration
39
The Rise or the Seljukids
51
The Period of the First Crusades
61
The Era of the Zengids
75
The Rise of the Ottomans
131
The Era of Murad and Bayezid
143
Tamerlane
151
End of the Byzantine Empire
161
Mehmed the Conqueror
169
The Rise or the Safavids
185
Ottoman Expansionism under Selim
193
The Era of Suleiman the Magnificent
201

Saladin and the Ayyubid Empire
85
The Early Thirteenth Century
95
The Mongol Onslaught
105
Between Mamluks and Mongols
115
The End of Islamic Ascendancy
211
Bibliography
215
Index
223
Copyright

Overige edities - Alles weergeven

Veelvoorkomende woorden en zinsdelen

Verwijzingen naar dit boek

Alle resultaten in Google Boeken »

Over de auteur (2000)

MARTIN SICKER is a private consultant and lecturer who has served as a senior executive in the U.S. government and has taught political science at American University and George Washington University. Dr. Sicker has written extensively in the fields of political science and international affairs, with a special focus on the Middle East. He is the author of twelve previous books, including a companion volume in his multi-volume history of the Middle East, The Pre-Islamic Middle East (Praeger, 2000).

Bibliografische gegevens