Regularity in Semantic Change
Cambridge University Press, Dec 20, 2001 - Language Arts & Disciplines
This important study of semantic change examines how new meanings arise through language use, especially the various ways in which speakers and writers experiment with uses of words and constructions in the flow of strategic interaction with addressees. There has been growing interest in exploring systemicities in semantic change from a number of perspectives including theories of metaphor, pragmatic inferencing, and grammaticalization. Like earlier studies, these have for the most part been based on data taken out of context. This book is a detailed examination of semantic change from the perspective of historical pragmatics and discourse analysis. Drawing on extensive corpus data from over a thousand years of English and Japanese textual history, Traugott and Dasher show that most changes in meaning originate in and are motivated by the associative flow of speech and conceptual metonymy.
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2 Prior and current work on semantic change
3 The development of modal verbs
4 The development of adverbials with discourse marker function
5 The development of performative verbs and constructions
6 The development of social deictics
AD/R adverb aisatu appears associated BrŽeal Bybee century chapter cites clause cognitive Cognitive Linguistics construction context contrast cross-linguistic deictic deixis deontic deontic and epistemic discourse markers discussed domain EMdJ encode English epistemic meaning epistemic modals example explicit expression fact figure GIIN grammar grammaticalization Heike Monogatari honorific meaning hypothesis implicatures indexing intersubjective invited inference involves Japanese Japanese honorifics kudasaru Langacker language Levinson lexeme lexical linguistic metaphor metonymy nonhonorific obligation ofthe onomasiological Pagliuca participant performative verbs politeness polysemies possible pragmatic markers predicate primarily promise pronoun proposition referent honorific relationship RESP saburahu salient sate second person semantic change semantic fields semanticized semasiological shift social status SP/W speaker speech act speech act verbs speech event Stage subject referent subjectification suggests synchronic syntactic temporal tense texts third person Traugott typically words