The Political Role of the Military: An International Handbook

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Constantine Panos Danopoulos, Cynthia Ann Watson
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996 - Political Science - 517 pages
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In Western, developing, and totalitarian countries alike, the armed forces are powerful political organizations that play key roles in domestic politics. Yet, the literature on civilian-military relations provides few comparative examinations of the military's political role. In 27 chapters devoted to representative countries, this handbook looks at the varying roles the military plays around the world. Political role is defined as substantial and purposeful involvement in the making and allocating of wealth and social and political values. Using this definition, each chapter traces the historical background of civil-military relations in the country, identifies and analyzes the processes the military uses to exert political influence, evaluates the success and results of the military's political role, and projects future developments.

As with any dynamic, organic body, the armed services in various countries change quickly and sometimes upredictably. The purpose of this book is beyond merely reporting whether a particular military is in the barracks as the 20th century draws to a close. Rather, the book offers analyses on the role that militaries have played in their societies, the historical forces that have shaped those roles, the socioeconomic constraints on them in the past, present, and anticipated in the future, and the current positions that armed forces have occupied in the last decade of the century.

 

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Contents

ARGENTINA
1
BRAZIL
19
CANADA
42
CHINA
55
CUBA
71
DENMARK
88
EGYPT
107
FRANCE
122
KENYA
256
MEXICO
271
NETHERLANDS
283
NIGERIA
299
NORTH KOREA
323
PERU
338
POLAND
361
REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA
374

GERMANY
143
GREECE
154
INDIA
169
INDONESIA
189
IRAN
207
ISRAEL
223
JAPAN
235
RUSSIA AND THE FORMER SOVIET UNION
391
UNITED KINGDOM
404
UNITED STATES
420
ZAIRE
440
INDEX
459
CONTRIBUTORS
515
Copyright

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About the author (1996)

CONSTANTINE P. DANOPOULOS is in the Department of Political Science at San Jose State University. His most recent books include From Military to Civilian Rule (1991) and Civilian Rule in the Developing World (1992).

CYNTHIA WATSON is a Professor at the National War College./e She writes on militaries in South America and the United States.

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