Soldiers in the Sun
THE PHIUWNC ISLANDS-5S3 4 Aguinotdo copturad tm Amrlcof ftfdlfrs trocfe Insurgents through nwm of pri 21 now ood unarmed Amerlcon soldiers umfer hosf 0 flrt THE PHILIPPINE ARCHIPELAGO Soldiers In The Adventure in Imperialism by William Thaddeus Sexton Captain, United States Army The Military Service Publishing Company Harrisburg, Pa. To My Daughter, Elaine Sexton Who though only four years of age, loved to sit and watch her daddy play map. God needed an angel and took her away. Pref ac e Any opinions expressed in this book are entirely those of the author, which have been reached as a result of his own research on this subject and must not be construed as reflecting in any way the thoughts of the Army as a whole or of the War Department in par ticular. Contents Chapter I. Events leading up to Spanish-American War. Deweys actions in the Far East. Mobilization of troops in the United States and movements of transports to Manila. Condition of our armed forces and capabilities for distant tropical service. r r Chapter II. ............ 26 Conditions in the Philippine Archipelago, Aguinaldos early leadership. Ac tions of Mr. Pratt and Admiral Dewey. Agumaldos proclamation of revolu tion against Spain. Chapter III. ............ 30 The difficulties of our overseas movement. The lack of means and the handi caps in landing troops on the Islands. Discussions between Dewey, Aguinaldo and Anderson on the status of our government in relation to the Insurgents. Difficulties of later American expeditions in entering the Islands. Establish ment of uncomfortable camps. Merritts prospects in taking Manila. Embar rassments with Filipinos. Preliminary skirmishes with the Spaniards. Arrival of Americanreenforcements. The capture of Manila. The tense situation between the Americans and Insurgents. Chapter IV. ............ 50 Merritts dilemma in trying to establish American sovereignty. Civil dif ficulties in Manila. Sanitary conditions. Effort to clean up te city. Chapter V. ............ 63 Otis takes command of American troops. His characteristics. Encounters with Aguinaldo, who extends his authority and demands, but has difficulties in his own ranks. Effect of Treaty of Paris. Otis between two fires. Civil requests and Insurgents attitude. Insurgents become hostile. Negotiations fail. De cided tension. Chapter VI. ........... 79 State of discipline of American troops. False rumors. Supply. The Insurgent army, its discipline, equipment and state of efficiency. The possibilities in the brewing conflict. How the Philippine War Starts. The battle with the In surgents about Manila. The confused aftermath of the action. Chapter VII. ............ 103 More American troops arrive in the Islands. Wheatons Flying Column to Laguna de Bay. The occupation of Cebu and Negros. Wheatons campaign toward Pasig and Taguig. MacArthur captures the Insurgent Capital at Malolos. Problems at the close of the movements. Chapter VIII. ........... 121 Otis relinquishes chances for occupation. MacArthur advances north of Malolos. Lawton sent to Santa Cruz. The trials of the expeditions. The Schurman Commission receives rebuff. Lawton and MacArthur move north after Luna. Sufferings en route. The amazing defense at Baler. Funston at the bridge. Wheatons movement The desperate, heroic efforts of Lawtons column. Otis calls off expedition. Operations about Laguna de Bay. Schwann pushes fur ther into Cavite. Somevolunteers return to the United States. The Macabebe Scouts are organized. The press complains of Otis. Climate and conditions knock out troops of MacArthurs division. Murder of Luna. Reconnaissance of Bell. Chapter IX. ........... 173 The chase after Aguinaldo, The pinchers plan of Otis for the capture. The daws of Lawton and Wheaton, The direct pressure by MacArthur. Lawtons super-human task. Youngs cavalry brigade moves into the mud and jungle. Lawton must become his own supply officer. Rain, flood and wash-out dam up supply. Soldiers go beyond endurance...
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