Mongolia in Transition

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Ole Bruun, Ole Odgaard
Psychology Press, 1996 - History - 272 pages
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Squeezed between powerful neighbours, for decades Mongolia played the role of buffer state. Its full independence in 1990 offered new opportunities for both economic growth and the restoration of Mongolian identity. But with a huge land area, poor infrastructure and a small population, the new republic is highly vulnerable and also dependent on international support.
This book provides easily accessible information for developers, planners, consultants, scholars, students and others with an interest in contemporary Mongolia. Prefaced by a general overview of the land and society, its chapters, all written by international experts, cover a wide range of topics, including foreign policy, domestic politics, local government structure, living standards and poverty, women in society, grassland management, the common herding household, and science and technology policy. A comprehensive bibliography is provided.
 

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Contents

Mongolia and its environs
6
Distribution of the Mongols today by language
16
A Society and Economy in Transition
23
Sustainable Livestock Use of Pastoral Resources
42
List of Tables 1 Area and forage yield produced in Mongolias natural regions
45
Livestock population of Mongolia 193094
46
Survival rate of young stock
47
Feed requirement in sheep forage units thousands for
50
Sample survey of herd size distribution
122
Women and Poverty during the Transition
135
Decentralization and Local Governance
165
Local government structure levels of governorships
169
Health and education budgets as a percentage of GDP
175
Local government internal structure aimag level
182
Science and Technology Policy
190
Budget allocations for science and technology in Mongolia
196

Economy and Organization
65
Annual household budget for a family of five
75
Annual production expenditure
76
Annual household income
78
Nomadic Cultural Values and Their Influence on Modernization
90
Living Standards and Poverty
103
Economic decline in Mongolia 199094
105
GDP per capita estimates 199194
107
Development of poverty in Mongolia 199294
111
Foreign Relations and Foreign Policy
217
Principal trading partners and direction of trade 199094
237
Foreign aid to Mongolia 1991March 1995
238
Foreign aid for the 1994 antipoverty programme
241
Import trade selected commodities 199094
246
Export trade selected commodities 199094
248
Joint ventures 198894
250
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About the author (1996)

Ole Bruun is Associate Professor at the Institute for Society and Globalisation, Roskilde University, Denmark. He is author of Fengshui in China: Geomantic Divination Between State Orthodoxy and Popular Religion (2003) and editor with Michael Jacobsen of Human Rights and Asian Values: Contested Identities and Cultural Representations in Asia (2000).

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