Ethnobotany of the Tewa Indians, Volume 572, Issue 55

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Page 79 - The late ripe Corn is diversify'd by the Shape of the Grain only, without any Respect to the accidental Differences in Colour, some being blue, some red, some yellow, some white, and some streak'd. That therefore which makes the Distinction, is the Plumpness or Shrivelling of the Grain; the one looks as smooth, and as full as the early ripe Corn, and this they call FlintCorn; the other has a larger Grain, and looks shrivell'd with a Dent on the Back of the Grain, as if it had never come to Perfection;...
Page v - Ethnobotany of the Tewa Indians," by Wilfred W. Robbins, John P. Harrington, and Barbara Freire-Marreco, which forms a part of the results of the ethnological and archeological research in the upper Rio Grande Valley of New Mexico, undertaken jointly by the Bureau of American Ethnology and the School of American Archaeology in 1910 and 1911. It is recommended that the paper be published as a bulletin of this bureau.
Page 79 - Guiny-wheat or Turkey-wheat, according to the names of the countries from whence the like has been brought. The grain is about the bigness of our ordinary English peas, and not much different in form and shape, but of divers colors — some white, some red, some yellow, and some blue. All of them yield a very white and sweet flour. Being used according to his kind, it makes a very good bread.
Page 51 - September and October, baking it until the skin could be taken off and the fiber removed, then threw it into caxetes and mixed it thoroughly, boiling it alternately, until it came down to a firm jelly or paste. It was then spread into large cakes about 1 inch thick, and left to dry on hanging scaffolds, changing it from time to time until it was perfectly dry. It was then cut into squares (or, at Acoma and Laguna, rolled into loaves) and preserved. In spring it was eaten in various ways, as paste,...
Page 51 - hands' were carried to the pueblo, and as the leaves became very sweet, the boys chewed them up, extracting the fiber, ha-tyani-go-gowen, which they carefully laid aside, each bundle by itself, returning it to the house where it belonged. That fiber was twisted into thread, and strips of netting made of it, which were handed to the officers and then the whole net made. It was thus to all intents and purposes a communal enterprise, and the proceeds were enjoyed in common. Fruits of the Yucca baccata...
Page 106 - ... the gravest suspicion. At Santa Clara, on the contrary, there is no such feeling, and both officials and private persons accept " Hopi " tobacco with pleasure. MEDICINAL USES OF TOBACCO At San Ildefonso tobacco leaves are placed on, or in, a tooth to cure toothache. At Santa Clara tobacco is taken as snuff to cure a discharge from the nose. To cure a cough, tobacco, oil, and soot are placed in the hollows of the patient's neck, and a cross of tobacco is made on the chest. Tobacco mixed with kojaje...
Page 115 - wMto'i?7, 'dry grape' ('wM, grape; ia, dry). New Mexican Spanish pasa. Grapes are cultivated at San lldefonso. Torquemada's informant1 writes of a wild grape in New Mexico, probably in the Tewa country: "y con tener mucha Uba, no se aprovechan de ella para bebida, sino para comer de ella, y hacer Pan, que comen.
Page 9 - Small differences are noted . . . they have a name for every one of the coniferous trees of the region; in these cases differences are not conspicuous. The ordinary individual among the whites does not distinguish (them) . . . Indeed, it would be possible to translate a treatise on botany into Tewa . . .' ('Ethnolobiology of the Tewa Indians', pp.
Page 79 - There are four sorts of Indian corn : two of which are early ripe, and two late ripe, all growing in the same manner ; every single grain of this when planted produces a tall upright stalk, which has several ears hanging on the sides of it, from six to ten inches long. Each ear is wrapt up in a cover of many folds, to protect it from the injuries of the weather. In every one of these ears are several rows of grain...
Page 52 - The body was first wrapped in a white cotton garment . . . The outer wrapping was a robe of otter or beaver fur . . . made by twisting a small rope of yucca fiber about an eighth of an inch in diameter; then with the shredded fiber of the eagle or turkey feather, the fur was bound upon the cord, producing a fur rope of about a quarter of an inch in diameter, which was then woven into a robe with very open mesh.

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