Bound for America: the transportation of British convicts to the colonies, 1718-1775
From 1718 to 1775, British courts banished 50,000 convicts to America--the largest body of immigrants, aside from African slaves, ever sent across the Atlantic--in hopes of restoring social peace at home without posing the threat to traditional freedoms raised by the death penalty or a harsh corrective system. Drawing upon archives in Britain and the United States, Bound for America examines the critical role this punishment played in Britain's criminal justice system. It also assesses the nature of the convict trade, the social origins of the transported felons, and the impact such a large criminal influx had on colonial society.
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16 June absconded Account advertisements America Annapolis Anne Arundel County assize Bailey Sessions Papers Baltimore Baltimore County banished Beattie Board Bonded Passengers Bristol Britain Campbell cent Chesapeake Cheston colonies Colonists in Bondage Convict Trade Courts in England Crime criminals early eighteenth century England English escape fugitives gangs gaol George indentured servants Ireland Irish James July June Kent County King labour land large numbers London Lord Maryland master merchants Newcastle Newgate Calendar non-capital Northern Neck numbers of convicts offenders Old Bailey Old Bailey Sessions Ordinary of Newgate Petition of John plantation planters population ports prisoners punishment Purdie & Dixon's Quarter Sessions Queen Anne's County received Report of Justice Richmond Richmond County Rind's robbery sentenced Sept servitude Shipping Returns Society Stevenson and Randolph theft Thomas Thomson tobacco Transportation Records transported felons Treasury Tyburn vessels Westmoreland William Williamsburg women