Chaucerian Conflict : Languages of Antagonism in Late Fourteenth-Century London: Languages of Antagonism in Late Fourteenth-Century London
Chaucerian Conflict explores the textual environment of London in the 1380s and 1390s, revealing a language of betrayal, surveillance, slander, treason, rebellion, flawed idealism, and corrupted compaignyes. Taking a strongly interdisciplinary approach, it examines how discourses about social antagonism work across different kinds of texts written at this time, including Chaucer's House of Fame, Troilus and Criseyde, and Canterbury Tales, and other literary texts such as St Erkenwald, Gower's Vox clamantis, Usk's Testament of Love, and Maidstone's Concordia. Many non-literary texts are also discussed, including the Mercers' Petition, Usk's Appeal, the guild returns, judicial letters, de Mezieres's Letter to Richard II, and chronicle accounts. These were tumultuous decades in London: some of the conflicts and problems discussed include the Peasants' Revolt, the mayoral rivalries of the 1380s, the Merciless Parliament, slander legislation, and contemporary suspicion of urban associations. While contemporary texts try to hold out hope for the future, or imagine an earlier Golden Age, Chaucer's texts foreground social conflict and antagonism. Though most critics have promoted an idea of Chaucer's texts as essentially socially optimistic and congenial, Marion Turner argues that Chaucer presents a vision of a society that is inevitably divided and destructive.
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accused Aeneas Aeneid aggression aldermen Antenor associated bastard feudalism behaviour betrayal Book Brembre Brembre’s Calchas Canterbury Tales Chaucer Review Chaucer’s texts Chaucerian Polity civic Clanvowe compaignye conflict contemporary Criseyde’s death depiction desire discourse discussion emphasizes England English example fact Fame felawe fellowship Fradenburg fragmentation Gilds Gower guild returns Host’s House of Rumour House ofFame Ibid idea ideal implies king king’s language late fourteenth century Lollard Lords Appellant Love’s Manciple Manciple’s Medieval Melibee mercers Mercers’Petition Merciless Parliament Middle English Northampton ofthe one’s Oxford Pandarus Pandarus’s Pardoner Pardoner’s Tale Parliament Paul Strohm peace Peasants petitions pilgrims poem political proclamation Prologue Prudence Prudence’s rebels reference reveals Richard Richard II society St Erkenwald suggests Tale of Melibee Testament textual thyng traitor translatio imperii treason trewe Troilus and Criseyde Troilus’s Trojan Troy urban Usk’s Westminster Chronicle words writes žat