The Virtuous Life in Greek Ethics
Cambridge University Press, Jul 20, 2006 - Philosophy
There is now a renewed concern for moral psychology among moral philosophers. Moreover, contemporary philosophers interested in virtue, moral responsibility and moral progress regularly refer to Plato and Aristotle, the two founding fathers of ancient ethics. The book contains eleven chapters by distinguished scholars which showcase current research in Greek ethics. Four deal with Plato, focusing on the Protagoras, Euthydemus, Symposium and Republic, and discussing matters of literary presentation alongside the philosophical content. The four chapters on Aristotle address problems such as the doctrine of the mean, the status of rules, equity and the tension between altruism and egoism in Aristotelian eudaimonism. A contrast to classical Greek ethics is presented by two chapters reconstructing Epicurus' views on the emotions and moral responsibility as well as on moral development. The final chapter on personal identity in Empedocles shows that the concern for moral progress is already palpable in Presocratic philosophy.
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according activity Agathon agent Alcibiades arguing argument Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s beautiful behaviour beliefs beneﬁt bold Burnyeat cause claim Cleinias concept concern conﬁrms conﬂict context courage deﬁciency deﬁned deﬁnition desire dialectic dialogues difﬁculties Diogenes Laertius Diotima discussion dispositions doctrine emotions Empedocles Epicurean Epicurus epiei/eeia equity ethical virtues eudaimonia Euthydemus example excess fear ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁnger ﬁrst ﬁt Frede Glaucon hence Hesiod honourable human idea identiﬁed inﬂuence intellectual interpretation IVicomachean Ethics judgement justice kind knowledge Laursen love’s Lucretius mean mind moral responsibility nature noble non-rational object ofthe one’s Parmenides particularist passage perception Phaedrus philosophical conversation phronEsis Plato political practical premisses Prodicus Protagoras puzzle question reading reason reﬂection relevant Republic rules seems sense signiﬁcance Socrates someone soul soul’s speciﬁc speech sufﬁcient suggests teleology temperance Theaetetus theory things thought understanding unleisured virtue ethics virtuous action wisdom written law