The Elements of Morality: Including Polity, Volume 1

Front Cover
Harper & bros., 1847 - Ethics
0 Reviews
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Natural Wants 37 Artificial Wants
37
The Affections 28 Tend to Persons 29 Love 30 Kinds of Love 31 Anger
38
The Mental Desires 35 Tend to Abstractions
40
Memory and Imagination 37 Good Hope and Fear
41
Separation of Mental Desires Instincts 39 The Desire of Safety
42
Instinct of Selfpreservation
43
Desire of Security 42 Desire of Liberty 43 Men at Enmity 44 The Desire of Having
44
Things and Persons
45
Property is necessary
46
The Desire of Family Society 48 The Desire of Civil Society
47
Mental Desires include Affections 50 The Need of a Mutual Understanding
49
Promises are necessary
51
The Desire of Superiority 53 Desire of Equal Rules 54 The Desire of Knowledge
52
Knowledge and Reason
55
The Moral Sentiments 56 Approbation and Disapprobation 5 The Reflex Sentiments
56
Reflex Thought
57
The Desire of being loved
58
The Desire of Esteem
59
The Desire of our own Approval
60
Rules necessary for the Peace of Society 66 Rules necessary for the Action of Man as Man 67 Reason our necessary guide 68 Rules not founded in ...
61
Right Adjective and Right Substantive
62
Means and Ends
63
Right relatively used 71 Refers to a superior
71
Right absolutely used
72
The Supreme Good
73
Ought Duty
74
Why Ought
76
Man a Moral Being
77
Rights must exist
78
Rights separately proved
79
Five Primary kinds of Rights
80
Wrong Injury
81
Rules with Reasons
82
Punishment
83
Rights and right
84
Obligation
85
Obligation and Duty
86
Obliged and Ought
87
Obligation and Moral Claim
88
Perfect and Imperfect Obligation
89
Jus the Doctrine of Rights and Obligations
90
Duties Virtues Goodness Vice
91
Virtuous and vicious internal acts
92
Sins 94 The State
93
Immutable Morality and Mutable Law 76
96
Idea and Fact in Morality
97
Sentiment of Rights 99 Sentiment of Wrongs
99
Ryots Serfs Métayers Farmers 136 IFeudal System 137 Its present influence 138 Quiritarian Ownership 139 Title Conveyance Remedies
101
Wrongs Larcency Burglary
107
Trespass 144 Dominium Eminens
108
Public Property 146 Res Nullius
109
Incorporeal Property
110
Feudal Services 149 Animalia ferae naturae 150 Treasure Trove c
111
Prescription
112
Trusts 153 Alienation 154 Succession
113
Delivery
114
Necessity CHAP IV THE RIGHTs of CoNTRACT
115
Nude Pacts 160 Consideration
117
Duress
118
Contracts of Minors
119
Contracts void by Fraud 164 Formulae of Contracts 165 Nominate Contracts
120
Mutuum and Commodatum 167 Repairs and Expenses 168 Debt 169 Promissory Notes and Bills of Exchange 170 Bailment
121
The Rights of Marriage
125
Institution of Marriage to be upheld 177 National Sentiment respecting Marriage
126
The Family
127
The Rights op Property 99
136
Chains of Rules
143
The Reason Practical
153
The Speculative and Practical Reason 22 Development of Mind
159
TOL La
161
Instincts 24 Springs of Action Motives
164
Virtues and Vices
169
Eviction
172
Equality Bona Fide
173
Stricti Juris Interpretation
174
Breach of Contract
175
Zeal Energy
176
Virtues of the Mental Desires
177
Liberality Fear of Poverty
178
Jewish Marriage
179
Greek Marriage
180
Roman Marriage
181
English Marriage
182
Husband and Wife
183
Adultery
184
Rights over Children Roman
185
English
186
Rape and Seduction Roman
187
English
188
Inheritance
189
Testament Roman
190
Limited
191
Will English
192
Entail
193
Legacies
194
Dowry Jointure
195
Tutor Curator
196
Guardian
197
Lawful Marriage
198
National Government
208
The Supreme Authority
209
Constitution The Executive Function
210
The Judicial Function
211
Rebellion Treason
213
International
214
Government de Jure and de Facto
215
Legislative Body
216
Fact of Law and Idea of Justice to be brought to gether
217
Law and Justice cannot exist separately
218
The Spirit of Truth 317 Spirit of Truth to be cultivated by Acts 318 Solemn Promises
225
Duties connected with Purity
227
Repentance
257
Amendment
258
What is Conscience? 360 Synteresis Syneidesis 361 Conscience the Law 362 Conscience the Witness 363 Conscience the Punisher
261
To act against Conscience is wrong 365 Is to act according to Conscience always right 7
264
Cases of Conscience respecting Truth
267
Duty is determined by social relations
278
Duty gives Moral Significance to Obligations
279
Lie to conceal a Secret 397 Lie to preserve a Mans Life 398 Lies of Necessity 399 Heroic Lies
282
Advocates Assertions
283
Advocates Profession to be Moral 402 Sellers Concealments 403 The Alexandrian Merchant 404 Promise of Marriage 405 The unlawful Promise of ...
287
OF CASEs of NECEssITY
291
408 First to ones Self 409 Necessity to be rigorously understood 410 Constraint is not Necessity 411 Fear of certain Death is Necessity 412 Necessity ...
292
And because Necessity destroys deliberation 416 Reference to be had to the persons Moral Cul ture
293
We can cultivate our Affections by thoughts of Duty
294
By unfolding conceptions of Virtues
295
By unfolding the notion of doing Good
296
By acts of Duty
297
We have never done all that is possible
298
Classification of Duties
299
Our Moral Progress never terminates
300
Strong Moral Principles decide such Conflicts 423 Heroic Acts
302
It is our Duty to cultivate Gratitude
303
The greatest interruptions are the greatest trans gressions
304
The Duty of Moral Culture adds to other Duties
305
Moral Perfection is our greatest Good
306
Desires to be directed by a Spirit of Justice 308 And by a Spirit of Moral Purpose
308
Duty of Moral Progress in such Spirit
309
For poor as well as rich
311
Power to be used for Moral Culture of others
312
Duties connected with Truth 222
314
This Duty regulated by Mutual Understanding
315
There is a Higher Part of our Nature
320
Special Duties of Purity
321
Parity of Heart to be cultivated
322
Impure Acts especially impede Moral Progress
323
Though not forbidden by
324
Seduction
325
Purity of Youth to be preserved
326
The prospect of Marriage a preservative
327
PRogREssive STANDARDs of MoRALITY
328
Duties op Order 235
329
Duty of Obedience to the Laws
330
In many cases the Letter not the Spirit of
331
Duties of Command
332
Public Duties
333
Political Duties of Conservation and Progress
334
The STATE
335
Intellectual Duties 242
336
Not superseded by right Intention
337
The Duty of acting rationally
338
The Duty of acting according to Rule
339
The Duty of Wisdom
340
Conceptions to be defined
341
The Duty of Intellectual Culture
342
Especially for Legislators
343
And Educators
344
Of ourselves and others
346
Such progress is possible
347
Can never terminate
348
Transgression
349
Temptation
350
Resistance
351
Degrees of Guilt
352
Measure of Guilt
353
Equity is Equality 497 Separation of Justice and Equity 498 Equity not properly defined the judgment of a good man 499 The Praetors power did n...
355
Equity does supply some defects in Law in England 502 Fixed rules necessary and necessarily insuf ficient 503 Maxims of Equity
356
Mquitas sequitur legem
357
In equali jure melior est conditio possidentis
359
Qui sentit onus sentire debet et commodum 507 Other Maxims
360
Interpretation of Promises
377
Erroneous Promises
378
Promises released by the Promisee
379
Unlawful Promises
380
but the Relative Duty is vio lated
381
Promises which become unlawful
382
Which Promisee does not think unlawful
383
Electors Promise 385 Promise to a Representative
385
Promise to be kept after the immoral action
386
Contradictory Promises
387
Impossible Promises
388
Extorted Promises
389
Promise to Robbers
390
Should the Promise be given?
391
Analogy of the
392
Lies
393
Falsehoods under Convention
394

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 89 - And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.
Page 127 - I come now, lastly, to speak of the legal consequences of such making, or dissolution. (By marriage the husband and wife are one person in law : that is, the very being or legal existence of the woman is suspended during the marriage, or at least is incorporated and consolidated into that of the husband : under whose wing, protection, and cover, she performs everything...
Page 90 - As when a man goeth into the wood with his neighbour to hew wood, and his hand fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree, and the head slippeth from the helve, and lighteth upon his neighbour, that he die ; he shall flee unto one of those cities, and live...
Page 92 - If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution: if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.
Page 128 - In the civil law the husband and the wife are considered as two distinct persons, and may have separate estates, contracts, debts, and injuries: and therefore in our ecclesiastical courts, a woman may sue and be sued without her husband.
Page 128 - The husband also, by the old law, might give his wife moderate correction. For, as he is to answer for her misbehaviour, the law thought it reasonable to intrust him with this power of restraining her, by domestic chastisement, in the same moderation that a man is allowed to correct his apprentices or children; for whom the master or parent is also liable in some cases to answer.
Page 139 - When these are shown, the marriage is declared null, as having been unlawful ab initio, and the parties are separated pro salute animarum, that they may not endanger their Souls by living in a state of known sin. But still the Ecclesiastical Law, like the Common Law of England, grants no Divorce for any Supervenient Cause ; according to Commentators*, it deems so highly, and with such mysterious reverence, the nuptial tie, that it will not allow it to be unloosed for any cause whatever that arises...
Page 115 - A good consideration is such as that of blood, or of natural love and affection, when a man grants an estate to a near relation: being founded on motives of generosity, prudence, and natural duty; a valuable consideration is such as money, marriage, or the like, which the law esteems an equivalent given for the grant:^ and is therefore founded in motives of justice.
Page 370 - A slave is one who is in the power of a master to whom he belongs. The master may sell him, dispose of his person, his industry and his labor. He can do nothing, possess nothing, nor acquire anything but what must belong to his master.
Page 121 - ... examination to be unsound, the purchaser must immediately return them to the vendor, or give him notice to take them back, and thereby rescind the contract, or he will be presumed to have acquiesced in the quality of the goods.

Bibliographic information