Landscapes in History: Design and Planning in the Eastern and Western Traditions

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John Wiley & Sons, Jan 25, 1999 - Architecture - 864 pages
The definitive, one-stop reference to the history of landscape architecture-now expanded and revised

This revised edition of Landscapes in History features for the first time new information-rarely available elsewhere in the literature-on landscape architecture in India, China, Southeast Asia, and Japan. It also expands the discussion of the modern period, including current North American planning and design practices.

This unique, highly regarded book traces the development of landscape architecture and environmental design from prehistory to modern times-in Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and North America. It covers the many cultural, political, technological, and philosophical issues influencing land use throughout history, focusing not only on design topics but also on the environmental impact of human activity. Landscape architects, urban planners, and students of these disciplines will find here:
* The most comprehensive, in-depth, and up-to-date overview of the subject
* Hundreds of stunning photographs and design illustrations
* A scholarly yet accessible treatment, drawing on the latest research in archaeology, geography, and other disciplines
* The authors' own firsthand observations and travel experiences
* Insight into the evolution of landscape architecture as a discipline
* Useful chapter summaries and bibliographies
 

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Contents

Introduction to Part One
3
Objectivity and Modernism
9
Late Pleistocene Adaptation
15
Notes
21
Agricultural Dispersal
29
Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley
35
Assyrian Urbanization
43
The Indus Valley
49
Environmental Conditions
375
Conclusion and Summary 670
377
Introduction to Part Two
383
Development of Agricultural Landscape
389
Land Subdivision and Agriculture
395
City Planning and Design
398
Garden Design
406
Notes
413

Notes
57
Cosmology Settlement Agriculture and Irrigation
63
Political Reunification and Temple Lands
69
Planning and Siting 26
76
Prehistoric Activity
84
Agriculture Irrigation and Reclamation
90
Colonization
97
Hegemony
103
Settlement Patterns in Southern France and Spain
110
Roman Roads
117
Land Reclamation 1 22
122
Environmental Issues
131
Prehistoric Settlement 137 1
139
Early Medieval Settlements
145
Rural Settlements Towns and Trade Routes
153
Feudal Decline
159
Environmental Issues
160
Dispersed Communities
166
Urbanization
172
Florence and Venice
179
Satellite Communities and Rural Estates
185
Northwestern
193
Notes
201
Agriculture and Landscape Reclamation
209
Rome
218
Chateaux Estates and Parks
226
Enlightenment and Romanticism
233
Political Absolutism
239
Rural Industry
248
Industrial Landscapes
257
Objectivity in Science Art and Planning
265
Suburban Planning
274
Prospects and Planning
281
Southeast Region
287
Cultural and Philosophical Factors
307
Southeast Asian Landscapes
320
Environmental Issues
333
and Planning in Japan
340
Kamakura
348
Momoyama
357
The Meiji Period
364
Site Planning for Agriculture
425
Conclusion and Summary
433
Land Tenure Systems and the Beginning of
444
Conclusion and Summary
451
The Role of Romantic Period Horticulturists
460
Other Early Professionals
468
Conclusion and Summary
475
Parks Build a Profession
502
Contemporaneous Reactions to the Romanticism
516
Urban Planning in the Nineteenth
522
Suburbanization
529
The Romantic Resort
539
Development of RailBased Transportation
544
Conclusion and Summary
553
Design and Social Influences in the Victorian
557
Victorian Leisure Landscapes
569
The Unified Streetscape
571
The City Beautiful 576 1
576
The City Beautiful Movement
584
Conclusion and Summary
593
The City Planning Movement
599
Regulation to Control the City Scientific
614
Development of the Profession
620
Later Estates
627
Reaction to Neoclassicism
637
Common Landscapes in the Neoclassicist Period
644
Conclusion and Summary
650
Conservation of Cultural Resources
664
Notes
670
Landscape Architects in the Public Employ
674
Conclusion and Summary
685
Highways and Streets as Designed Landscapes
699
Modern Urban Planning
704
Reemphasis on the Social Role of Planning
710
Suburbs as Cities
717
Conclusion and Summary
734
Site Planning 754
757
Recreation
761
Postscript
767
Index
827
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About the author (1999)

PHILIP PREGILL is Associate Professor in the Department of Landscape Architecture at California State Polytechnic University in Pomona. NANCY VOLKMAN is Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture at Texas A&M University.

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