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Absalon afterwards ancient archbishop arms army Baltic battle became bishop brother Charles Charles Knutsson chief Christian Christian IV Christopher church claim clergy coast command compelled Copenhagen council count of Holstein court crown Danes Danish daughter death declared defeated Denmark diet duchy duke election emperor enemy England Eric estates father favour fief Fiinen Finland fleet force fortresses Frederick German Gustavus Adolphus Gustavus Trolle Hakon hand Hanse Towns Harold honour hostilities Iceland island Jarl Jutland Kalmar king of Sweden King Olaf king's kingdom Knud land latter Liibeck Livonia Magnus monarch nobility nobles North Norway Norwegian obtained Odin party peace peasants Poland pope priests prince provinces queen received refused reign rigsraad riksdag Roeskilde royal Russians Schleswig sent ships skalds Skane soon sovereign Stockholm storthing Sture success Svend Swedish throne tion took treaty troops union Upsala Valdemar victory whole
Page 65 - Olaf was a very merry frolicsome man; gay and social; had great taste in everything; was very generous; was very finical in his dress, but in battle he exceeded all in bravery. He was distinguished for cruelty when he was enraged, and tortured many of his enemies. Some he burnt in fire; some he had torn in pieces by mad dogs ; some he had mutilated, or cast down from high precipices. On this account his friends were attached to him warmly, and his enemies feared him greatly; and thus he made such...
Page 73 - Now when the attack was made 259 the troops stood on the bridge everywhere, and defended themselves. King Ethelred was very anxious to get possession of the bridge, and he called together all the chiefs to consult how they should get the bridge broken down. Then said King Olaf he would attempt to lay his fleet alongside of it, if the other ships would do the same. It was then determined in this council that they should lay their war forces under the bridge; and each made himself ready with ships...
Page 131 - ... seems to be, that he collected some of this fragmentary poetry from cotemporary Skalds and other parts from manuscripts written after the introduction of Christianity and Latin letters into Iceland, which have since been lost, and merely added one song of his own composition, the Solar Ljod, or Carmen-Solare, of a moral and Christian religious tendency, so as thereby to consecrate and leaven, as it were, the whole mass of paganism...
Page 127 - ... Gragas now exists, it Is intermingled with precedents of judicial decisions, and the glosses of different commentators which have been incorporated into the original text. This code abounds with many examples of that spirit of litigation and legal subtlety, which has ever marked the Norman character. These laws contain the same provisions for the satisfaction of penal offences by pecuniary mulcts, which are adjusted by a minute scale, according to the nature of the crime and the rank of the offender....
Page 61 - Salten fiord, the same tempest was blowing, and the sea ran high out from the fiord, and the same kind of storm prevailed for several days while the king was lying there. Then the king applied to Bishop Sigurd, and asked him if he knew any counsel about it ; and the bishop said he would try if God would give him power to conquer these arts of the Devil.
Page 343 - Commission, whose right it was to inquire into all transactions of the ministry, and to punish the excesses and usurpations of the senators. A college of provision was also established for the purpose of ascertaining the amount of lands and lordships granted, sold, mortgaged, or exchanged, by preceding kings, either in Sweden or Livonia, since the year 1609, together with all the royal palaces alienated since 1655. An offer was at the same time made on the part of the crown, to reimburse the proprietors...
Page 61 - The king ordered all the other ships to follow him. Now when all was ready on board the Crane to row, she went into the fjord without the rowers finding any wind ; and the sea was curled about their keel track like as in a calm, so quiet and still was the water; yet on each side of them the waves were lashing up so high that they hid the sight of the mountains.
Page 69 - Eric was in the forehold of his ship, where a cover of shields 1 had been set up. In the fight, both hewing weapons, sword and axe, and the thrust of spears had been used; and all that could be used as weapon for casting was cast. Some used bows, some threw spears with the hand. So many weapons were cast into the Serpent, and so thick flew spears and arrows, that the shields could scarcely receive them; for on all sides the Serpent was surrounded by war ships. Then King Olaf's men became so mad with...
Page 65 - Ladehammer,1 which was larger than any ship in the country, and of which the beam-knees are still to be seen.
Page 45 - We have often disputed," said he, " at Jomsburg, whether life remained for any time after the head was cut off: now I shall decide the question. But remember, if so, I shall aim a blow at you with this knife which I hold in my hand. Dispatch," said he, " but do not abuse my long hair, for it is very beautiful.