South Korean Golden Age Melodrama: Gender, Genre, and National Cinema

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Kathleen Anne McHugh, Kathleen McHugh, Nancy Abelmann
Wayne State University Press, 2005 - History - 262 pages

Immediately following the Korean War, South Korea’s film industry flourished with vibrant local production of high-quality films. Characterized by its stunning melodramas, this "Golden Age" of South Korean cinema produced a body of work as historically, aesthetically, and politically significant as that of other well-known national film movements such as Italian Neorealism, French New Wave, and New German Cinema. Conditions that fostered South Korea’s cinematic Golden Age were short lived; a brief period of intense poverty and struggle—but also creative freedom—was ended by the dictatorship of Park Chung Hee in the late 1960s. Strong international interest in South Korea’s current film renaissance make an analysis of this enormously underappreciated cinematic tradition long overdue.

South Korean Golden Age Melodrama is the first English-language book to examine this era of remarkable activity, covering the specifics of the Golden Age as well as the influences it has had on contemporary South Korean film and television. Given the compressed, ambiguous, and fundamentally transnational social and political dramas of South Korea’s history, South Korean Golden Age Melodrama addresses the widespread appeal of particular film modes and aesthetics, especially that of the melodrama. These essays also examine genre in relation to articulations of nation and constructions of gender in Golden Age films and how the nation manifests itself in persistent gender and genre trouble.

Combining textual analysis, reception, and historical/cultural detail, South Korean Golden Age Melodrama skillfully renders the complexity of the Golden Age. Contributors cite both domestic and foreign films to demonstrate the generic and transnational impact of Golden Age cinema, sometimes calling into question the very integrity of "national cinema" in light of the workings of a transcultural cinema sphere during that era. With nine chapters, sustained treatments of nine canonical Golden Age films, together with extended consideration of contemporary film and television, this volume offers a rich contribution to the theorization of film genre and national cinema and their relationship to gender.

 

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Contents

Gender Genre and Nation
1
South Korean Film Melodrama State Nation Woman and the Transnational Familiar
17
Melodramatic Texts and Contexts Womens Lives Movies and Men
43
Screening the Redemption Christianity in Korean Melodrama
65
The Stray Bullet and the Crisis of Korean Masculinity
99
Toward a Strategic Korean Cinephilia A Transnational Detournement of Hollywood Melodrama
117
Hanguk Heroism Cinematic Spectacle and the Postwar Cultural Politics of Red Muffler
151
Questions of Womans Film The Maid Madame Freedom and Women
185
Lethal Work Domestic Spate and Gender Troubles in Happy End and The Housemaid
201
Morae sigye Social Melodrama and the Politics of Memory in Contemporary South Korea
229
Contributors
247
Index
249
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

Kathleen McHugh is associate professor of English at the University of California, Los Angeles. She is author of several books, including American Domesticity: From How-To Manual to Hollywood Melodrama (Oxford, 1999).

Nancy Abelmann is associate professor of anthropology and East Asian studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She is author of several books, most recently The Melodrama of Mobility: Women, Class, and Talk in Contemporary South Korea (University of Hawai'i Press, 2003).

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