Anaximander in Context: New Studies in the Origins of Greek Philosophy

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Promoting a new, broadly interdisciplinary horizon for future studies in early Greek philosophy, Dirk L. Couprie, Robert Hahn, and Gerard Naddaf establish the cultural context in which Anaximander’s thought developed and in which the origins of Greek philosophy unfolded in its earliest stages. In order to better understand Anaximander’s achievement, the authors call our attention to the historical, social, political, technological, cosmological, astronomical, and observational contexts of his thought. Anaximander in Context brings to the forefront of modern debates the importance of cultural context, and the indispensability of images to clarify ancient ideologies.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Anthropogony and Politogony in Anaximander of Miletus
7
PROLOGUE
9
THE ORIGIN OF HUMANITY IN TRADITIONAL OR MYTHICAL THOUGHT
10
THE ORIGIN OF ANIMALS AND HUMANITY ACCORDING TO ANAXIMANDER
13
THE ORIGIN OF SOCIETY ACCORDING TO MYTHICAL ACCOUNTS
17
SOME REFLECTIONS ON THE EVOLUTION OF THE POLIS BEFORE ANAXIMANDER
19
THE EMERGENCE OF THE POLIS AND THE INVENTION OF POLITICS
20
SCULPTURAL FORMULAS AND POLYKLEITOS CANON
125
ANAXIMANDERS COSMIC FORMULA REVISITED
130
The Architects Design Formula and the Cosmic Meaning of the Roof
135
EPILOGUE
149
NOTES TO PROPORTIONS AND NUMBERS IN ANAXIMANDER AND EARLY GREEK THOUGHT
152
Anaximanders Astronomy
165
PROLOGUE
167
THE ANACHRONISTIC FALLACY
173

THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIETY IN ANAXIMANDER
32
THE LEGEND OF DANAUS THE DANAIDES AND HISTORY
43
DANAUS AND THE ALPHABET
45
THE CANVAS OF THE OIKOUMENE
48
NOTES TO ANTHROPOGONY AND POLITOGONY IN ANAXIMANDER OF MILETUS
56
Proportions and Numbers in Anaximander and Early Greek Thought
71
PROLOGUE
73
PROPORTIONALITY IN ANAXIMANDERS COSMIC ARCHITECTURE
78
PROPORTIONALITY AND NUMBERS IN ARCHAIC ARCHITECTURE
90
The Idea of Organic Growth in Sacred Architecture
98
Metrological Studies of Ancient Buildings
100
19 not 110
105
Proportions Numbers and Organic Growth
109
1The Metrologies of the Archaic Temples in Samos and Didyma
118
LITERARY FORMULAS AND PROPORTIONALITIES
121
LOOKING AT THE HEAVENS WITH THE NAKED EYE
180
LOOKING AT THE HEAVENS WITH THE HELP OF A GNOMON
183
ANAXIMANDERS MAP OF THE WORLD
194
THE DISCOVERY OF SPACE
201
The Earth Floats Unsupported in Space
202
The Celestial Bodies Lie behind One Another
208
ANAXIMANDERS NUMBERS AND A MAP OF HIS UNIVERSE
211
A THREEDIMENSIONAL VISUALIZATION OF ANAXIMANDERS UNIVERSE
218
ANAXIMANDER AND THE REPRESENTATION OF THE HEAVENS IN PTOLEMAIC EGYPTIAN ART
228
CONCLUSION
237
ANAXIMANDERS ASTRONOMY
241
Bibliography
255
Index of Concepts and Proper Names
273
Index of Classical Passages Cited
285
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About the author (2003)

Dirk L. Couprie is an independent researcher and former Associate Professor at the University of Leiden.

Robert Hahn is Professor of Philosophy at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale. He is the author of several books, including Anaximander and the Architects: The Contributions of Egyptian and Greek Architectural Technologies to the Origins of Greek Philosophy, also published by SUNY Press.

Gerard Naddaf is Professor of Philosophy at York University in Toronto and the author of The Greek Concept of Nature, also published by SUNY Press.

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