Introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking

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Cengage Learning, Jan 1, 2012 - Education - 528 pages
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Designed for students with no prior training in logic, INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING offers an accessible treatment of logic that enhances understanding of reasoning in everyday life. The text begins with an introduction to arguments. After some linguistic preliminaries, the text presents a detailed analysis of inductive reasoning and associated fallacies. This order of presentation helps to motivate the use of formal methods in the subsequent sections on deductive logic and fallacies. Lively and straightforward prose assists students in gaining facility with the sometimes challenging concepts of logic. By combining a sensitive treatment of ordinary language arguments with a simple but rigorous exposition of basic principles of logic, the text develops students' understanding of the relationships between logic and language, and strengthens their skills in critical thinking.
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Contents

Introduction to Arguments
1
Paying Special Attention to the Language of Arguments
47
Deductive Arguments Inductive Arguments and Fallacies
77
A Closer Look at Inductive Arguments
109
Causal Arguments
167
Probabilities and Inductive Logic
217
Confirmation of Hypotheses
254
Deductive ReasoningSentential Logic
297
Categorical Syllogisms
350
Quantifiers and Arguments in Which Validity Depends on Relationships
391
Proof Method for TruthFunctional Logic
411
Index of Fallacies
425
Bibliography
431
Answers to EvenNumbered Exercises
437
Index
495
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