Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behavior

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Cambridge University Press, Feb 9, 2004 - Political Science - 375 pages
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From Kosovo to Kabul, the last decade witnessed growing interest in ?electoral engineering?. Reformers have sought to achieve either greater government accountability through majoritarian arrangements or wider parliamentary diversity through proportional formula. Underlying the normative debates are important claims about the impact and consequences of electoral reform for political representation and voting behavior. The study compares and evaluates two broad schools of thought, each offering contracting expectations. One popular approach claims that formal rules define electoral incentives facing parties, politicians and citizens. By changing these rules, rational choice institutionalism claims that we have the capacity to shape political behavior. Alternative cultural modernization theories differ in their emphasis on the primary motors driving human behavior, their expectations about the pace of change, and also their assumptions about the ability of formal institutional rules to alter, rather than adapt to, deeply embedded and habitual social norms and patterns of human behavior.
  

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Contents

III
3
IV
39
V
66
VI
79
VII
81
VIII
96
IX
126
X
151
XII
179
XIII
209
XIV
230
XV
247
XVI
249
XVII
265
XVIII
305
XIX
347

XI
177

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