Preventive Health Care for Young Children: Findings from a 10-country Study and Directions for United States Policy
National Center for Clinical Infant Programs, 1991 - Child health services - 80 pages
Earlier observations on U.S. infant health and survival as compared with other Western industrial democracies are extended in a study of preventive health services for children from infancy through adolescence and to the social benefit programs that support their families. This report looks at the condition of children in 10 European countries (Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, The Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom), all of which have better infant survival rates than the United States and all of which share elements of pluralism in their systems of health care. Issues addressed are: mortality and immunization rates; the effectiveness of barriers to preventive health care; organization and delivery of care; family support systems; policy implications for the United States (financing health care, community providers, tracking and linkage). It is shown that broadly defined preventive health care for children not only improves their health, but also can be provided effectively in a variety of settings. The survey instrument and various related tables and figures are appended. Contains approximately 160 references. (LB)
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28 days 4-year-olds age groups agencies American Journal Belgium benefits birth child health childhood children's health community health curative delivery Denmark developmental disease DPT DPT early elderly EPSDT Europe European countries financed France funds galactosemia Germany FRG health centers health departments health status health visitors home visiting hospital immunization rates Ireland Journal of Public linkages low-income families Maternal and Child measles Medicaid Miller Netherlands Newacheck newborns Norway Office parents participation payment pediatricians Pediatrics Pertussis polio population poverty prenatal preschool preschool children preventive care preventive services private physicians problems programs proportion provider systems public clinics public health recommended regular source rendered reported risk school health screening Smeeding social Spain study countries Switzerland Table testing tetanus Torrey tracking U.S. children U.S. rates United Kingdom vaccine vitamin K Washington well-child visits West Germany women World Health Organization young children