Thinking and Problem Solving

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Elsevier, 1998 - Psychology - 461 pages
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Thinking and Problem-Solving presents a comprehensive and up-to-date review of literature on cognition, reasoning, intelligence, and other formative areas specific to this field. Written for advanced undergraduates, researchers, and academics, this volume is a necessary reference for beginning and established investigators in cognitive and educational psychology.

Thinking and Problem-Solving provides insight into questions such as: how do people solve complex problems in mathematics and everyday life? How do we generate new ideas? How do we piece together clues to solve a mystery, categorize novel events, and teach others to do the same?



  • Provides a comprehensive literature review
  • Covers both historical and contemporary approaches
  • Organized for ease of use and reference
  • Chapters authored by leading scholars
 

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Contents

History of Research on Thinking
1
Later Developments
8
Contemporary Approaches to the Study
37
Knowledge Representation
81
Concepts and Categories
119
Deduction and Its Cognitive Basis
149
Inductive Reasoning
179
Problem Solving
211
Understanding Human Problem Solving
230
Intelligence
263
Lubart
289
The Creative Process
314
Summary and Conclusions
323
Development of Problem Solving
333
The Teaching of Thinking and Problem Solving
409
Index
451

Historical and Modern Approaches to the Study
217
Limitations on Representations Introduced
224

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About the author (1998)

Robert J. Sternberg is Dean of the School of Arts and Sciences and Professor of Psychology at Tufts University. Prior to being at Tufts, he was IBM Professor of Psychology and Education, Professor of Management in the School of Management, and Director of the Center for the Psychology of Abilities, Competencies, and Expertise at Yale University. This center, now relocated to Tufts, is dedicated to the advancement of theory, research, practice, and policy advancing the notion of intelligence as developing expertise, as a construct that is modifiable and capable, to some extent, of development throughout the lifespan. The Center seeks to have an impact on science, education, and society. Sternberg was the 2003 President of the American Psychological Association and is the 2006 2007 President of the Eastern Psychological Association. He was on the Board of Directors of the American Psychological Association and the Board of Trustees of the APA Insurance Trust. He is currently on the Board of Trustees of the American Psychological Foundation and on the Board of Directors of the Eastern Psychological Association as well as of the American Association of Colleges and Universities. Sternberg received his Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1975 and his B.A. from Yale University. He holds honorary doctorates from eight universities. He is the author of over 1,100 journal articles, chapters, and books. He focuses his research on intelligence, creativity, and wisdom and has studied love and close relationships as well as hate. This research has been conducted on five different continents.

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