Paradoxes from A to ZParadoxes from A to Z, Third edition is the essential guide to paradoxes, and takes the reader on a lively tour of puzzles that have taxed thinkers from Zeno to Galileo, and Lewis Carroll to Bertrand Russell. Michael Clark uncovers an array of conundrums, such as Achilles and the Tortoise, Theseus’ Ship, and the Prisoner’s Dilemma, taking in subjects as diverse as knowledge, science, art and politics. Clark discusses each paradox in non-technical terms, considering its significance and looking at likely solutions. This third edition is revised throughout, and adds nine new paradoxes that have important bearings in areas such as law, logic, ethics and probability. Paradoxes from A to Z, Third edition is an ideal starting point for those interested not just in philosophical puzzles and conundrums, but anyone seeking to hone their thinking skills. |
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Contents
1 | |
Allais Paradox | 5 |
The Paradox of Analysis | 9 |
The Arrow | 11 |
The Barber Shop Paradox | 13 |
Berrys Paradox | 18 |
Bertrands Box Paradox | 20 |
Bertrands Chord Paradox | 22 |
Murder | 148 |
Newcombs Problem | 150 |
The Numbered Balls | 155 |
The Paradox of Omniscience | 157 |
Paradox | 159 |
The Parrondo Paradox | 163 |
The Pasedena Paradox | 166 |
Pascals Wager | 170 |
The Paradox of Blackmail | 25 |
The Bridge | 28 |
Buridans Ass | 30 |
The Cable Guy Paradox | 32 |
Cantors Paradox | 34 |
The Paradox of the Charitable Trust | 42 |
The Chicken and the Egg | 44 |
Currys Paradox | 46 |
The Paradox of Democracy | 48 |
The Designated Student | 51 |
The Paradox of Deterrence | 52 |
The Dr Psycho Paradox | 55 |
The Eclipse Paradox | 58 |
The Paradox of Entailment | 61 |
The Paradox of Fiction | 65 |
The Paradox of Foreknowledge | 68 |
The Paradox of Future Generations | 71 |
Galileos Paradox | 74 |
The Gentle Murder Paradox | 79 |
The Paradox of the Gods | 81 |
Grue Goodmans New Riddle of Induction | 83 |
The Heap | 86 |
Heraclitus Paradox | 94 |
Heterological | 97 |
Hilberts Hotel | 100 |
The Indy Paradox | 101 |
The Paradox of Inference | 103 |
The Paradox of Interesting Numbers | 106 |
The Paradox of Jurisdiction | 108 |
The Paradox of Knowability | 111 |
The Knower | 113 |
The Lawyer | 115 |
The Liar | 118 |
The Lottery | 126 |
Lycans Paradox | 130 |
The Paradox of the Many | 131 |
The Monty Hall Paradox | 133 |
Moores Paradox | 136 |
Moral Luck | 141 |
The Paradox of the Muddy Children | 144 |
The Placebo Paradox | 172 |
The Paradox of Plurality | 174 |
The Poison Hypothetical | 178 |
The Prediction Paradox | 180 |
The Preface | 182 |
The Paradox of Preference | 185 |
Prisoners Dilemma | 188 |
The Prosecutors Fallacy | 192 |
The Paradox of the Question | 194 |
Quinns Paradox | 197 |
The Racecourse | 199 |
The Rakehell | 201 |
The Paradox of the Ravens | 203 |
The Red Taxi Paradox | 206 |
Richards Paradox | 209 |
Russells Paradox | 211 |
The St Petersburg Paradox | 217 |
The SelfAmendment Paradox | 221 |
Selfdeception | 224 |
Selffulfilling Belief | 228 |
The Ship of Theseus | 230 |
Simpsons Paradox | 233 |
The Sleeping Beauty | 236 |
The Paradox of Soundness | 239 |
The Spaceship | 240 |
The Toxin Paradox | 241 |
The Paradox of Tragedy | 243 |
The Tristram Shandy | 245 |
The Trojan Fly | 246 |
The Trolley Problem | 248 |
The Twoenvelope Paradox | 252 |
The Unexpected Examination | 256 |
The Paradox of Validity | 259 |
The Paradox of Voting | 261 |
Wangs Paradox | 263 |
The Xenophobic Paradox | 264 |
Yablos Paradox | 267 |
270 | |
271 | |