Idealism Without Limits: Hegel and the Problem of Objectivity
In this study of Hegel's philosophy, Brinkmann undertakes to defend Hegel's claim to objective knowledge by bringing out the transcendental strategy underlying Hegel's argument in the Phenomenology of Spirit and the Logic. Hegel's metaphysical commitments are shown to become moot through this transcendental reading. Starting with a survey of current debates about the possibility of objective knowledge, the book next turns to the original formulation of the transcendental argument in favor of a priori knowledge in Kant's First Critique. Through a close reading of Kant's Transcendental Deduction and Hegel's critique of it, Brinkmann tries to show that Hegel develops an immanent critique of Kant's position that informs his reformulation of the transcendental project in the Introduction to the Phenomenology of Spirit and the formulation of the position of 'objective thought' in the Science of Logic and the Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences. Brinkmann takes the reader through the strategic junctures of the argument of the Phenomenology that establishes the position of objective thinking with which the Logic begins. A critical examination of the Introduction to the Lectures on the History of Philosophy shows that Hegel's metaphysical doctrine of the self-externalization of spirit need not compromise the transcendental project of the Logic and thus does not burden the position of objective thought with pre-critical metaphysical claims.
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2 Kant and the Problem of Objectivity
3 The Argument of the Phenomenology
4 Objective Knowledge and the Logic
1807 Phenomenology Abel Absolute Knowing already appearance argued become believes cognition concept contradiction critique deictic expressions Descartes determinacy determination dialectic difference distinction dualism empirical manifold Encyclopedia epistemic essence essential ethical substance existence external fact finite for-itself Force and Understanding framework given Hegel Hegel’s argument ibid idea idealism identity immanence of experience immediate in-itself independently individual infinite inner internal opposition interpretation interpretationism intuition inverted world Kant Kantian Leibniz matter means metaphysical methodological moral nature negation Notion object-consciousness ontological opposition of consciousness overcome particular perception Phenomenology of Spirit philosophy position possible principle priori pure manifold rational reality reason relationship Religion representational Rescher rience Science of Logic sciousness sense sense-certainty sensible standpoint structure subjective sublated supersensible world synthesis synthetic unity thing thing-in-itself thinking thought Transcendental Deduction transcendental idealism transcendental unity true truth claims unhappy consciousness unified unity of apperception unity of self-consciousness universal validity