Harmless Souls: Karmic Bondage and Religious Change in Early Jainism with Special Reference to Umāsvāti and Kundakunda
Study on purification of soul according to Jainism, with special references to Tattvārthādhigamasūtra of Umāsvāti, ca. 135-ca. 219, and Pravacanasāra and Samayasāra of Kundakunda.
Bondage and liberation according to the early Śvetāmbara
The mechanism of bondage according to the Pravacanasāra
The mechanism of liberation according to the Pravacanasāra
The mechanism of bondage according to the Samayasāra
The mechanism of liberation according to the Samayasāra
according action activity appears ascetic ātman attachment attained attitude becomes behaviour bhāva binding body bondage bound Buddhist canonical cause characteristic clear clearly commentary commentators condition conduct connection consciousness considered context defined definition delusion distinction doctrine earliest early effect essential external fact further gāthā given gives harm himsā householder idea important impure instance internal internalisation Jain Jaina Jaini jīva jñāna karma karmic kaṣāya kinds knower knowledge knows Kundakunda later leads liberation manifestation material matter meaning mental mind modification moha monk nature niścaya objects omniscient original particular passage passions person physical point of view possessions possible practice Pravac Pravacanasāra probably pure puts quoted reads realisation reality rebirth refers relation religious result Samayasāra seen sense significant simply soteriological soul śubha takes Tattvadīpikā Tattvārtha Sūtra teaching texts things thought trans translation true Umāsvāti upayoga vyavahāra yoga