Attitudes Towards Social Limits, Undersocialized Behavior, and Self-presentation in Young People: A Contribution to the Theoretical Framework and the Empirical Validation of the Reaction Pattern Research in Flanders
In this book a study is presented on the attitudes of 12- to 20-year-old youngsters towards social limits, imposed by their social and educational environment by means of laws, rules, values, norms or expectations. The study is part of a research programme on the course and treatment of juvenile delinquency, which started at the Rijksuniversiteit Groningen during the eighties. Young people's attitudes towards social limits are assessed by the 'Standard Reaction Instrument'. A critical incident technique is used to elicit young people's knowledge, behavioral intentions and motivations in ten hypothetical situations including social limits. The instrument was administered from youngsters in secondary schools and from same-aged detained youngsters who have committed at least one criminal offence which has been recorded by police or judicial authorities. The responses of both groups are compared in order to test the validity of the instrument. Further, the relationship is tested between the youngsters' attitudes towards social limits and self-reported delinquent and aggressive behavior. Finally, a comparison is made between the responses of Flemish and Dutch youngsters. Starting point of the empirical study is a social psychological view on juvenile delinquency. In this view, which is based on the self-presentation paradigm developed by the sociologist Ervin Goffman and the early symbolic interactionists, juvenile delinquency is considered as a means of social communication towards significant others (parents, teachers, peers, society). Special attention is paid to the development, maintenance and management of social reputation by the juvenile delinquent.
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An introduction to the study of rules and social limits in young people
A selfpresentational view
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a-motivations Achenbach adjustment reactions adolescents age group Aggressive Behavior syndrome ANCOVAs antitype attitude-behavior attitudes and behavior audience B-reactions Beernem binding factors boys cijfer co-occurrence correlations critical incidents Dancing lesson detained juvenile offenders detained youngsters detention status effects Duid je tevredenheid Dutch youngsters ecological factors ethnic composition Flemish youngsters Gedrag girls importance scores impression management Incident by incident interaction jongeren jouw juvenile delinquency known reactions limit-overstepping reactions minder motivaties motivational types Motorbike nationality effects negotiation nondetained youngsters nonsignificant number of inhabitants number of preferred onderzoek other-oriented overall preferred reactions Reaction Pattern Research reactions and motivations reactions towards social reference persons research expectations Rink Ruiselede sample of nondetained satisfaction scores schema self-oriented motivations self-presentation self-reported problems self-reported undersocialized behavior significant relationship social desirability social limits SRI responses Standard Reaction Instrument strain factors Table theory total number town district tussen values variables verschillen Vraag werd YSR scores zijn