The Battle that Stopped Rome: Emperor Augustus, Arminius, and the Slaughter of the Legions in the Teutoburg Forest

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W. W. Norton & Company, 2004 - History - 256 pages
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In AD 9, a Roman traitor led an army of barbarians who trapped and then slaughtered three entire Roman legions: 20,000 men, half the Roman army in Europe. If not for this battle, the Roman Empire would surely have expanded to the Elbe River, and probably eastward into present-day Russia. But after this defeat, the shocked Romans ended all efforts to expand beyond the Rhine, which became the fixed border between Rome and Germania for the next 400 years, and which remains the cultural border between Latin western Europe and Germanic central and eastern Europe today.

This fascinating narrative introduces us to the key protagonists: the emperor Augustus, the most powerful of the Caesars; his general Varus, who was the wrong man in the wrong place; and the barbarian leader Arminius, later celebrated as the first German hero. In graphic detail, based on recent archaeological finds, the author leads the reader through the mud, blood, and decimation that was the Battle of Teutoburg Forest.

 

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The battle that stopped Rome: Emperor Augustus, Arminius, and the slaughter of the legions in the Teutoburg Forest

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Clearly and effectively written, Wells' volume --part popular history and part archaeological monograph--recounts one of the most catastrophic military defeats in history: the loss of three Roman ... Read full review

Contents

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
9
LIST OF MAPS
11
IMPORTANT DATES
13
PREFACE
15
AMBUSHED
25
CREATION OF THE LEGEND
30
HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE BATTLE
37
AUGUSTUS ROMES FIRST EMPEROR
56
THE HORROR DEATH ON THE BATTLEFIELD
177
THE VICTORS CELEBRATIONS
186
THE IMMEDIATE OUTCOME
200
THE MEANING OF THE BATTLE
213
1 How an Archaeological Site Is Formed
221
2 Roman Weapons Found at the Kalkriese Battle Site
222
3 Museums Roman Remains and Archaeological Parks
223
SOURCES AND SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER READING
227

VARUS AND THE FRONTIER
80
ARMINIUS THE NATIVE HERO
105
WARFARE IN EARLY ROMAN EUROPE PRELUDE TO THE BATTLE
125
THE BATTLE
161
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
239
ILLUSTRATION CREDITS
241
INDEX
243
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Peter S. Wells is professor of archaeology at the University of Minnesota. He is the author of The Battle That Stopped Rome and The Barbarians Speak. He lives in St. Paul.

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