Aging and Skilled Performance: Advances in Theory and Applications

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Psychology Press, 1996 - Psychology - 280 pages
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The term "skill" encompasses an array of topics and issues. For example, individuals are skilled in a variety of domains such as chess, typing, air traffic control, or knitting; researchers study skill in a variety of ways, including speed of acquisition, accuracy of performance, and retention over time; and there are a variety of approaches to the study of skill such as computer modeling or experimental analysis. Contributing to the understanding of whether, how, when, and why skills may decline as a function of age is the goal of this volume.

This book is based on the Aging and Skill Conference sponsored by the Center for Applied Cognitive Research on Aging. The broad focus of the conference was to discuss cognitive theories underlying age-related skill acquisition, transfer, and retention and to discuss applications of these theories to such issues as age-adaptive training, compensatory strategies and devices, and utilization of new and existing technology. The contributors were asked to discuss the cognitive theory relevant to their topic, explain how the theory informs the field about aging, examine where gaps exist among general cognitive theory in this area and theories of aging, and demonstrate the practical relevance of the theory to enhancing or enabling activities of daily living--for work, home, or leisure--for older adults.

This is the first book to focus exclusively on aging and skill. It covers a range of abilities, provides the theoretical basis for the current status of age-related differences in skill, and offers direct evidence of the applicability of research on proficiency to aspects of daily living. Each chapter was written either by an expert in the field of aging, or by an expert in the field of skill--many expert in both areas.
 

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Contents

Practical Relevance and AgeRelated Research Can Theory Advance Without Application?
1
State Models of Paired Associate Learning The General Acquisition Decrement and Training Hypotheses
17
The Use of Signal Detection Theory in Research on AgeRelated Differences in Movement Control
45
Control Theoretic Approaches to AgeRelated Differences in Skilled Performance
65
Aging and DualTask Performance
83
Aging and Memory Implications for Skilled Performance
113
Intelligence as Process and Knowledge An Integration for Adult Development and Application
139
The Effects of Display Layout on Keeping Track of VisualSpatial Information
157
Assessing AgeRelated Differences in the LongTerm Retention of Skills
185
Aging and the Acquisition of Computer Skills
201
Cognitive Theory and Word Processing Training When Prediction Fails
221
Instructional Design for Older Computer Users The Influence of Cognitive Factors
241
Author Index
267
Subject Index
277
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About the author (1996)

Bud Rogers is a cartoonist and editor and has been very active in the Christian comics community for the past fifteen years. Bud uses his organizational and management skills to assist artists and writers in realizing their creative visions.

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