Dangerous Pollutants (Xenobiotics) in Urban Water Cycle

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Petr Hlavinek, Ongjen Bonacci, Jiri Marsalek, Ivana Mahrikova
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 16, 2007 - Technology & Engineering - 343 pages
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Growing population and rising standards of living exert stress on water supply and the quality of drinking water. Some of these pressures can be reduced by demand management and water and wastewater reuse. In wastewater ma- gement, new challenges are caused by new chemicals of concern, including endocrine disrupters, pharmaceuticals, hormones, and personal care products, which often pass through wastewater treatment plants unabated, but may cause serious impacts on receiving aquatic ecosystems. The topics focused on evaluation of impact of xenobiotics in the whole Urban Water Cycle are an interdisciplinary task which has a rising concern these days. Xenobiotics includes both inorganic elements like heavy metals, metalloids and man-made organic compounds such as pesticides, surfactants, solvents, fragrances, flavours, and pharmaceuticals as well as endocrine dis- pters. It has been estimated that 70,000 xenobiotics may potentially be hazardous for humans and/or ecosystems. Water supply, urban drainage and wastewater treatment systems were originally designed to solve just conventional problems such as supply of potable water, flooding prevention and sanitation. The main problem within the conventional urban water cycle approaches is absence of design to deal with xenobiotics. Nowadays can be seen increased focus on rainwater use, wastewater reclamation and reuse in industrial and as well in domestic sector what increase the exposure to xenobiotics.
 

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Contents

A WHOLELIFE COST APPROACH TO SEWERAGE AND POTABLE WATER SYSTEM MANAGEMENT
3
IMPACT OF PRODUCT CHOICE
13
URBAN WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN ROMANIA PERSPECTIVES FOR THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN ORDER TO SU...
23
WATER QUALITY AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS IN GEORGIA
35
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT IN URBANISED AREAS
45
LEVEL OF ORGANIC POLLUTANTS CONTENT MAIN SOURCES AND EFFECTIVE GREEN SOLUTIONS
55
RECONSTRUCTION AND REHABILITATION OF SEWER SYSTEMS IN SLOVAKIA
61
WASTE WATER TREATMENT FROM SMALL URBAN AREAS
71
METHODS FOR TOXICITY TESTING OF XENOBIOTICS IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS AND IN RECEIVING WATER BODIES
191
CHROMIUM AND ATRAZINE CONTAMINATION OF THE LJUBLJANSKO POLJE AQUIFER
207
AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS FOR SPAIN
219
REVIEW ON THE ASSESSMENT OF THE REMOVAL EFFICIENCY OF WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS FOR SELECTED XENOBIOTI...
227
A CASE STUDY OF THE PHOTACATALYTIC OXIDATION OF FULVIC ACID
246
CHEMICAL AND ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF SMALL RESERVOIRS AT DESIGNING OF WASTEWATER TREATMENT INSTALLATIONS
257
FACTS CONTRADICTIONS AND POSSIBLE IMPROVEMENT ACTIONS FOR HAZARDOUS WASTEWATER MANAGEMENTA CASE STUDY
267
COMPLEX KINETIC INDIXES FOR ESTIMATION OF SURFACE AND WASTE WATER QUALITY
279

ALLIUMASSAY IN EVALUATION OF DRINKING AND SURFACE WATER MUTAGENICITY
80
MODELLING WATER QUALITY FOR INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AT THE BASIN SCALE
89
POLAR ORGANIC MICROPOLLUTANTS IN THE WATER CYCLE
103
A MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVE
117
VIRUSES IN GROUND WATER
131
ECOHYDROLOGY OF DOJRAN LAKE
150
SOURCES POLLUTION PROBLEMS OF MONITORING
161
PHYTOTOXICITY ASSESSMENT OF EFFLUENT WATERS SURFACE WATER AND SEDIMENTS
171
MONITORING AND MODELLING PESTICIDE DYNAMICS IN SURFACE WATER
181
CONTINUALLY MEASURED ORP AND PH SIGNAL FOR CONTROL OF NITROGEN REMOVAL
287
OPERATION OF DOMESTIC WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT WITH SUBMERGED MEMBRANE MODULES
297
THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE OVERALL EFFECT OF CRUDE OIL ON FISH IN EARLY STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT
307
EVALUATION OF VILNIUS CITY LITHUANIA SNOW POLLUTION TOXICITY BY USE OF FISH BIOTESTS
317
MINIMIZATION OF DANGEROUS POLLUTANTS IN THE NEW SANITATION CONCEPT FOR SEPARATION TREATMENT OF WASTEWAT...
325
POLLUTION OF GROUND SOURCES OF DRINKING WATER WITH TECHNOGENIC TRITIUM
330
SUBJECT INDEX
341
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Page 315 - Heintz. RA. Short, JW and Rice, SD (1999). Sensitivity of fish embryos to weathered crude oil: Part II. Increased mortality of pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) embryos incubating downstream from weathered Exxon Valdez crude oil.