City and Sanctuary: Religion and Architecture in the Roman Near East

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SCM Press, 2002 - Architecture - 209 pages
City and Sanctuary challenges some common assumptions about the Near East in the Roman and Early Byzantine periods by examining the architecture and urban design of five cities: Palmyra, Petra, Gerasa, Caesarea Maritima and Jerusalem. Peter Richardson argues that each city is different, partly due to the degree of its openness to Roman influence. Within these differences, each city demonstrates the persistent importance of religion to its life, not merely in its monuments but especially in the ways that its sanctuaries influenced the urban shape and dynamic forms of the city.
The various kinds of religious structures found in each city are examined. These include cult centres of international importance, temples dedicated to the Olympian gods, buildings for mystery religions and houses adapted for Judaism, Christianity and Mithraism.

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Roman expansion and Romanization
Rome and the Levant
Rome and Arabia

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About the author (2002)

Peter Richardson is Emeritus Professor of Christian Origins in the University of Toronto and was formerly Principal of University College, Toronto.

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